Saturday, December 9, 2017

France St Louis IX to Louis XI, IV


Continuing the three previous.

Excursus
Henry of Bar
marriage
In November 1384 Henry himself married Marie de Coucy, [who was 18] Countess of Soissons (1366–1405), daughter of Enguerrand VII Count of Soissons & Sire de Coucy, by his first wife Princess Isabella of England, eldest daughter of King Edward III. Marie became Dame de Coucy et de Oisy following her father's death in 1397.
children
Enguerrand (died ca. 1400),
Robert of Bar (1390 – Agincourt, 25 October 1415)

Excursus
Robert of Bar
marriage
Robert married in 1409 Jeanne de Béthune [she was 12], Viscountess of Meaux ((c.1397- late 1450)), daughter of Robert VIII de Béthune, Viscount of Meaux.
daughter
Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons, Dame d'Oisy, Viscountess of Meaux suo jure (1415- 14 May 1462), married Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano by whom she had seven children.

Excursus
Jeanne de Bar
remarcable
In 1430, at the age of fifteen, Jeanne was one of the three women placed in charge of Joan of Arc when the latter was a prisoner in the castle of John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, Jeanne's stepfather.
marriage
On 16 July 1435, at the age of twenty, Jeanne married Louis of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France (1418- 19 December 1475). The marriage took place at the Chateau de Bohain. She was Louis' first wife.
children
Mentioned under mention of Louis of Luxemburg or under his second wife.

Excursus
Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg
In 1400 Adolf was married at the Château de Dun to Yolande of Bar (the younger)
one child
Rupert (died 2 August 1431), married 26 February 1426 Marie of Harcourt, daughter of John VI, Count of Harcourt and widow of Reginald, Duke of Jülich and Guelders, whose title had passed to Rupert's father.

Excursus
Theodore II, Marquess of Montferrat
first marriage
Theodore married, as his first wife, Argentina Malaspina. She was a daughter of Leonardo Malaspina, Marquess of Massa. They had no known children.
second marriage
In 1393, Theodore married his second wife Joanna of Bar. She was a daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar and Marie of Valois.
children
John Jacob Palaeologus (Italian: Giovanni Giacomo Paleologo) (March 23, 1395 – March 12, 1445)
Sophia of Montferrat (or Sophia Palaiologina; died 21 August 1434) was a Byzantine Empress consort by marriage to John VIII Palaiologos.
third marriage
Joanna died on 15 January 1402. Theodore remained a widower for a year. On 17 January 1403, Theodore married his third wife Margaret of Savoy. She was the eldest daughter of Amadeo, Prince of Achaea and Catherine of Geneva. Their marriage was childless. Margaret survived her husband by forty-six years and died on 23 November 1464

Excursus
John Jacob Palaeologus
marriage
In 1412 he married Joanna of Savoy, sister of Duke Amadeus VIII, who gave him numerous children.
children
John IV (1413 – 1464), Marquess of Montferrat 1445–1464
Amadea (1418 – 1440), married to John II de Poitiers-Lusignan, king of Cyprus.
Isabella (ca. 1419 – 1475); married to Ludovico I del Vasto, Marquess of Saluzzo.
William VIII (1422 – 1483), Marquess of Montferrat 1464–1483.
Boniface III (1424 – 1494), Marquess of Montferrat 1483–1494.
Theodoro (1425 – 1481), cardinal.

Excursus
John IV, Marquess of Montferrat
He set his mind rather belatedly to ensuring future of the dynasty, marrying Margherita of Savoy, daughter of Louis of Savoy and Anne of Cyprus, in Casale in December 1458. [19]
child
However they only had one daughter Elena Margherita (1459 – 1496), who married Victor, Duke of Münsterberg.
illegitimate:
Sara (1462–1503)
Scipione (1463–1485)

Excursus
Amadea Palaiologina of Montferrat
was a queen consort of Cyprus, wife of king John II of Cyprus. ...
II marriage of Hb
His second wife, a distant relative of his first one, whom he married in Nicosia in 1441 or on February 3, 1442, was Helena Palaiologina [she was 13 or 14] (1428 – April 11, 1458), only child and daughter of Theodore II Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea and his wife Cleofa Malatesta.
children
Charlotte of Lusignan (28 June 1444[1] – 16 July 1487)
Cleopha of Lusignan, died young

Excursus
Charlotte, Queen of Cyprus
I marriage
Infante John of Portugal, also known as John of Coimbra, (1431 or 1433 – between July and 11 September 1457) (son of Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra and grandson of King John I of Portugal), in May 1456 in Nicosia. He was made a titular Prince of Antioch. It is rumoured that his death was a murder due to poisoning, arranged by Queen Helena, leaving Charlotte free to make a second marriage.
II marriage
Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva (Geneva, 5 June 1436 or 1 April 1437 – Château-Monastery de Ripaille, August 1482). The couple were married on 7 October 1459, almost a year after Charlotte's coronation. Louis was her cousin: he was the second son and namesake of Louis, Count of Savoy by Anne de Lusignan, daughter of King Janus of Cyprus, and became a King of Cyprus from 1459 to 1462 and also a titular King of Jerusalem.
son
By her second husband Louis, Charlotte had an unnamed son who was born in July 1464, but the boy died within a month of his birth.

Excursus
Isabella / Ludovico I di Saluzzo
had children, but too little documented to study the siblingship survival.

Excursus
William VIII, Marquess of Montferrat
I marriage
William married firstly on 19 January 1465 Marie de Foix (d.1467) daughter of Gaston IV, Count of Foix;
II marriage
on 18 July 1469 [she was 13] Elizabetta Sforza (1456–1473) daughter of Francesco I Duke of Milan
daughters
Giovanna, married to Ludovico II del Vasto, Marquess of Saluzzo
Bianca di Montferrato (1472 – 30 March 1519)
III marriage
on 6 January 1474 Bernarde de Brosse (d.17 February 1485).

Excursus
Ludovico II del Vasto, Marquess of Saluzzo
I marriage
In 1481 he married his cousin, Giovanna Palaiologo of Montferrat, daughter of William VIII, Marquess of Montferrat. Two years after her death in 1490, ...
II marriage
he remarried, to Margaret of Foix-Candale.
children
Michele Antonio (1495–1528)
Gian Ludovico (1496–1563), [deposed 1529]
Francesco Ludovico I (1498–1537)
Gian Gabriele (1501–1548)

Excursus
Blanche of Montferrat
marriage
On 1 April 1485 [she was 13], Blanche married Charles I, Duke of Savoy and titular King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia.
children
A stillborn son (September 1486)
Yolande Louise of Savoy (2 July 1487 – 13 September 1499), married Philibert II of Savoy; died childless at the age of 12.
A son (born and died in May 1488)
Charles II, Duke of Savoy (23 June 1489 – 16 April 1496).
A daughter (born and died in March 1490)

Excursus
Bonifacio III del Monferrato
I matrimonio
La prima con Orvietana Fregoso, figlia di Pietro Fregoso, doge di Genova, dalla quale non ebbe figli.
II matrimonio
Si sposò quindi in seconde nozze con Elena di Brosse († 1484), figlia di Giovanni II di Brosse, ed anche da questo secondo matrimonio non nacquero figli.
III matrimonio
Sposò quindi in terze nozze, l'8 luglio 1485 [aveva 18-19 anni] ad Innsbruck, Maria Branković (Ohrid 1466 – Casale 27 agosto 1495), figlia del principe Stefano di Serbia.
figli
Guglielmo (1486 – 1518), marchese di Monferrato dal 1494 al 1518
Giangiorgio (1488 – 1533), marchese del Monferrato dal 1530 al 1533.

Excursus
Sophia of Montferrat
unhappily married and divorced by John VIII Palaeologus! No children.

Excursus
Louis, roi titulaire de Thessalonique
No children.

II
Philip III of France
I marriage
On 28 May 1262, Philip married Isabella [who was 14, born 1248], daughter of King James I of Aragon and his second wife Yolande of Hungary.
children
Louis (died May 1276). He was poisoned, possibly by orders of his stepmother.
Philip IV of France (1268 – 29 November 1314), his successor, married Joan I of Navarre
Robert (1269–1271)
Charles, Count of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), Count of Valois from 1284, married first to Margaret of Anjou in 1290, second to Catherine I of Courtenay in 1302, and last to Mahaut of Chatillon in 1308
Stillborn son (1271)
II marriage
Louis, Count of Évreux (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Count of Évreux from 1298, married Margaret of Artois
Blanche of France, Duchess of Austria (1278 – 19 March 1305, Vienna), married the duke, the future king Rudolf I of Bohemia and Poland, on 25 May 1300.
Margaret of France, Queen of England (1282 – 14 February 1318), married king Edward I of England on 8 September 1299

Excursus
Charles, Count of Valois
I marriage
His first marriage, in 1290, was to his double second cousin Margaret, Countess of Anjou, [age 16] (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples.
children
Isabelle of Valois (1292 – 1309). Married John, Prince of Brittany (later Duke John III).
Philip VI (1293 – 22 August 1350), first King of the Valois Dynasty.
Joan of Valois (1294 – 7 March 1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut, and had issue
Margaret of Valois (1295 – July 1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.
Charles II of Valois (1297 – 26 August 1346 at the Battle of Crécy), Count of Alençon. Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.
Catherine of Valois (1299 – died young).
II marriage
In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1307), titular Empress of Constantinople. [she was 28]
children
John of Valois (1302 – 1308), Count of Chartres.
Catherine II of Valois (1303 – October 1346), titular Empress of Constantinople and Princess of Achaea.[6] She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto, and had issue.
Joan of Valois (1304 – 9 July 1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.
Isabelle of Valois (1305 – 11 November 1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.
III marriage
Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Châtillon (1293–1358),[1] daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. [she was 15]
children
Marie of Valois (1309 – 28 October 1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria, and had issue.
Isabella of Valois (1313 – 26 July 1383).[8] She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.
Blanche of Valois (1317 – 1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".
Louis of Valois (1318 – 2 November 1328), Count of Chartres and Lord of Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais.

Excursus
Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut
Marriage
Joan married William I, Count of Hainaut, on 23 May 1305 [she was 11]
children
William II, Count of Hainaut (1307–1345)
John (died 1316)
Empress Margaret (1311–1356), married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Queen Philippa (24 June 1314 – 1369), married king Edward III of England
Agnes (died 1327)
Johanna von Jülich (1315–1374), married William V, Duke of Jülich
Isabella of Hainaut (1323–1361), married Robert of Namur
Louis (1325–1328)

Excursus
Empress Margaret
marriage
In 1324 she married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. [she was 13]
children
Margaret (1321/1325–1374) (married twice)
Anna (c. 1326 – 3 June 1361, Fontenelles) married John I of Lower Bavaria (d. 1340)
Louis VI the Roman (1328–1365), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg. No issue.
Elisabeth (1329 – 2 August 1402, Stuttgart) (married twice)
William V of Holland (1330–1389), as William I duke of Lower Bavaria, as Wiliam V count of Hainaut and Holland. He married Maud of Lancaster but their only daughter died young
Agnes (Munich, 1335 – 11 November 1352, Munich). She became a nun, due to ill health and died young
Albert I of Holland (1336–1404), duke of Lower Bavaria, count of Hainaut and Holland
Otto V the Bavarian (1340–1379), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg
Beatrice of Bavaria (1344 – 25 December 1359), married bef. 25 October 1356 Eric XII of Sweden
Louis (October 1347 – 1348)

Excursus
Margaret of Bavaria, Duchess of Slavonia
I marriage
In Ofen in 1351, Margaret married [at 26/30] Stephen, Duke of Slavonia, the youngest son of King Charles I of Hungary and Elizabeth of Poland.
children
Elizabeth of Slavonia (1352 – 1380)
John of Anjou (Hungarian: János; 1354–1360)
II marriage
The Duchess remarried in 1356, choosing Gerlach von Hohenlohe as her second husband, but kept the regency over Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia.

Excursus
Elizabeth of Slavonia
marriage
In October 1370, Elizabeth married Philip II, Prince of Taranto, a 41-year-old widower and pretender to the Latin Empire.
child
Their only known child, a son named Philip, was born in 1371 and died the same year.
I marriage of Hb
In April 1355, Philip married Joanna's younger sister, Maria of Calabria
children
Philip (1356, DY)
Charles (1358, DY)
Philip (1360, DY)
a child, (1362)
a child, (1366)
I marriage of Maria of Calabria
Shortly after the death of her grandfather, however, Maria was abducted by Agnes of Périgord, widow of John, Duke of Durazzo. Agnes arranged the marriage of Maria to her son, Charles, Duke of Durazzo. The marriage took place on 21 April 1343, the bride being almost fourteen years old and the groom twenty
children
Louis of Durazzo (December 1343 – 14 January 1344)
Joanna, Duchess of Durazzo (1344 – 20 July 1387); married firstly on 19 June 1366 to Infante Louis of Navarre, Count of Beaumont (d. 1372), and secondly on 1376 to Robert IV of Artois, Count of Eu (d. 1387). There was no issue from either marriage.
Agnes of Durazzo (1345 – 15 July 1388, Naples), married firstly on 6 June 1363 Cansignorio della Scala, Lord of Verona (d. 1375), and secondly on 1382 to James of Baux (d. 1383). There was no issue from either marriage.
Clementia of Durazzo (1346 – 1363, Naples)
Margaret of Durazzo (28 July 1347 – 6 August 1412, Mela), married in January 1369 to Charles of Durazzo, Conte of Gravina and Morrone, later King of Naples
II marriage
before the marriage could take place, she was abducted again, this time by Hugh IV, Lord of Baux and Count of Avellino, who forced Maria to marry with his eldest son and heir, Robert.[3] They had no children. ... Hugh IV was murdered on the orders of Maria's brother-in-law Louis of Taranto, in 1351. Two years later (1353), Maria was finally rescued by King Louis of Hungary, but her husband Robert was captured and imprisoned by Louis of Taranto at Castel dell'Ovo, where he was killed by her orders. She reportedly witnessed the murder first hand.

Excursus
Margaret of Durazzo
marriage
In February, 1369, Margaret married her paternal first cousin Charles of Durazzo. He was a son of Louis of Durazzo, another son of John, Duke of Durazzo and his second wife Agnes de Périgord. The bride was twenty-two years old and the groom twenty-four.
children
Mary of Durazzo (1369–1371).
Joanna II of Naples (23 June 1373 – 2 February 1435)
Ladislaus of Naples (11 February 1377 – 6 August 1414)

Excursus
Joanna II of Naples
I marriage
Joanna married her first husband, William, Duke of Austria in Vienna in the autumn of 1401 when she was 28 years of age.[1] He had been rejected as a husband by her cousin, Hedwig of Poland. Joanna did not have any children by William, who died in 1406 after five years of marriage.
II marriage
In early 1415, she became fiancee to John of Aragon, a son of King Ferdinand I of Aragon, and twenty-five years her junior.[3] The betrothal was annulled shortly after, which left Joanna free to choose another husband. On 10 August 1415, she married a second time, to James of Bourbon, Count of La Marche,[1] in order to gain the support of the French monarchy. The marriage contract stipulated that upon his marriage to Joanna, James would be granted the title of Prince of Taranto. Not having received the promised title, he had Alopo killed and forced Joanna to name him King of Naples. In an attempt to assume complete power, James imprisoned Joanna in her own apartments in the royal palace; however, she was later released by the nobles.

In 1416, a riot exploded in Naples, and James was compelled to send back his French administrators, and to renounce his title. In this period, Joanna began her relationship with Sergianni Caracciolo, who later acquired an overwhelming degree of power over the court. On 28 August 1417, she reconquered Rome, and the following year (1418), James left Naples for France.

Excursus
Ladislaus of Naples
I marriage
First to Costanza Chiaramonte in 1390. She was a daughter of Manfredi III Chiaramonte. "They were divorced in 1392."

She was married in Gaeta at the age of 12 years, to Ladislaus of Durazzo, who soon became King Ladislaus of Naples. However the fortunes of the Chiaramonte family soon changed: her father died in 1391, and her brother was caught and executed by the Aragonese forces of Martin I of Aragon, who had declared himself Martin II of Sicily. With this turn of fortunes, Ladislaus obtained an annulment by decree of the pope Boniface IX. In July, 1392 the bishop of Gaeta and the cardinal Acciaiuoli announce the dissolution of the marriage in church, and obtain the marriage ring. The supposed reason for the annulment was either the age of the couple or the accusation that Costanza's mother was living disolutely in concubinage.

II marriage
Second to Mary of Lusignan (1381–1404) on 12 February 1403 in Naples. She was a daughter of James I of Cyprus. She died on 4 September 1404.
III marriage
Third to Mary of Enghien (1367 or 1370 – 9 May 1446), suo iure Countess of Lecce, daughter of John of Enghien, in 1406. She survived him by thirty-two years.

France St Louis IX to Louis XI, III


Continuing the two previous.

Excursus
Henry IV, Count of Bar
marriage
Il épousa en 1338 Yolande de Dampierre (1331 † 1395) [marriage contract, OK]
children
Édouard II (1339 † 1352), comte de Bar
Robert Ier (1344 † 1411), comte puis duc de Bar

Excursus
Robert, Duke of Bar
marriage
In 1364 he married Marie of Valois, the daughter of king John II of France and Bonne of Luxembourg.[3]
children
Yolande of Bar, (1365 †1431); in 1380 married John I of Aragon (1350 †1396).[4]
Henry of Bar, (1362 †1397), Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson, seigneur de Marle; in 1384 married Marie de Coucy. Taken prisoner at the Battle of Nicopolis and died of the plague.
Philippe (1372 †1396); also killed at the Battle of Nicopolis.
Charles (1373 †1392), seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou.
Marie (1374 †?); in 1384 married William II, Marquis of Namur, Margrave of Namur (1355 †1418) (not to be confused with Namor)
Edward III of Bar (1377 †1415), Duke of Bar; killed at the Battle of Agincourt.
Louis I, Duke of Bar (between 1370 and 1375 – 26 June 1430); Bishop of Verdun, cardinal.
Yolande the younger (c. 1378 – 10 January 1421); in 1400 married Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg (†1437).
John of Bar, seigneur de Puisaye (1380 †1415), seigneur de Puisaye; killed at the Battle of Agincourt.
Bonne (†1436);[5] in 1393 married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny (1357 †1415), Count of Ligny and of Saint-Pol.
Jeanne (†1402); in 1393 married Théodore II Paléologue, Marquis of Montferrat (1361 †1418)

Excursus
Violant of Bar
marriage
She was married in 1380 at the age of 15 to John, Duke of Girona,[3] the heir apparent to the throne of Aragon, thus becoming Duchess of Girona and Countess of Cervera. Her husband became King of Aragon in 1387.
children
James (1382–1388), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
Yolande (Zaragoza 1384 - Saumur 14 November 1442),[3] married on 2 December 1400 at Louis II of Naples. She played a role in the history of France.
Ferdinand (1389 - Monzón October 1389), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
Joanna (1392 - Barcelona 4 August 1396)
Antonia (b and d 1392)
Peter (1394-1394), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera

Excursus
Yolande of Aragon
marriage
She was betrothed in 1390 to Louis, the heir of Anjou (who had one year earlier succeeded in conquering Naples and become King Ludovico II of Naples), and married him on 2 December 1400 [16] at Montpellier.
children
Louis III of Anjou (25 September 1403 – 12 November 1434), Duke of Anjou, Titular King of Naples. He was adopted by Queen Joanna II of Naples.
Marie of Anjou (14 October 1404 – 29 November 1463). Married in 1422 King Charles VII of France. Had issue including King Louis XI of France
René I of Naples (16 January 1409 – 10 July 1480), Duke of Anjou and Bar, Duke Consort of Lorraine, Titular King of Sicily and Naples. Married Duchess Isabella of Lorraine. They were the parents of Margaret of Anjou, Queen-Consort of England
Yolande of Anjou (13 August 1412 – 17 July 1440). Married in 1431 Francis, Count of Montfort l'Amaury, who succeeded his father in 1442 as Dule of Brittany
Charles of Anjou (14 October 1414 – 10 April 1472), Count of Maine (who never was duke of Anjou, but his namesake son was). Married firstly Cobella Ruffo and secondly Isabelle de St.Pol, Countess of Guise. Had issue by both marriages.

Excursus
Marie of Anjou
see King Charles VII

Excursus
René of Anjou
first marriage
Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine : On 24 October 1420, she married René of Anjou. In the marriage contract, it was specified that she would inherit Lorraine, as he would inherit Bar and Pont-à-Mousson, and that their child and heir would inherit all their domains, thereby uniting them
children
John II (2 August 1424 – 16 December 1470), Duke of Lorraine and King of Naples, married Marie de Bourbon, daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, by whom he had issue. He also had several illegitimate children.
Louis (16 October 1427 – between 22 May and 16 October 1444), Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson and Lieutenant General of Lorraine. At the age of five, in 1432, he was sent as a hostage to Dijon with his brother John in exchange for their captive father. John was released, but Louis was not and died of pneumonia in prison.
Nicholas (2 November 1428 – 1430), twin with Yolande.
Yolande (2 November 1428 – 23 March 1483), married Frederick ΙΙ of Lorraine, count of Vaudemont; mother, among others, of duke René II of Lorraine.
Margaret (23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482), married King Henry VI of England, by whom she had a son, Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales.
Charles (1431 – 1432), Count of Guise.
Isabelle (died young).
René (died young).
Louise (1436 – 1438).
Anne (1437 – 1450, buried in Gardanne). [Gardanne is between Aix and Marseille, and I have good memories of it.]
second marriage
Jeanne de Laval : A marriage contract was drawn up on 3 September 1454 between Jeanne's father and King René of Naples and Sicily. The wedding was celebrated on 10 September 1454, at the Abbey of St. Nicholas in Angers. At the age of twenty-one Jeanne married René, whose first wife, Isabella of Lorraine, had died the previous year. Jeanne's husband was more than twenty years her senior. The marriage, however, was happy.
children, none:
Jeanne, who was sweet and affectionate, seems to have been much loved by her husband. She became stepmother to René's children, who included the future John II, Duke of Lorraine, Margaret of Anjou, and Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine. Jeanne's marriage to René was childless.

Excursus
John II, Duke of Lorraine
marriage
He married in 1444 Marie de Bourbon (1428–1448) [she was 16], daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon.
children
Isabelle (b. 1445), d. young
René (b. 1446), d. young
Marie (b. 1447), d. young
Jean (d. 1471),
Nicholas (1448–1473).

Excursus
Nicholas I, Duke of Lorraine
illegitimate daughter d 1503

Excursus
Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine
marriage
In 1445 [she was 16 or 17], she married her second cousin Frederick II, Count of Vaudémont (1420–1470), at Nancy. The marriage was a dynastic alliance, arranged to end the dispute which existed between René of Anjou and Frederick's father, Antoine of Vaudémont, regarding the succession to the Duchy of Lorraine.
children
René (future Duke of Lorraine) (1451–1508), Duke of Lorraine. On 1 September 1485 he married secondly, Philippa of Guelders, by whom he had issue, from whom descended Mary, Queen of Scots.
Nicolas of Lorraine, Lord of Joinville and Bauffremont, died in 1476.
Peter of Lorraine, died in 1451.
Jeanne of Lorraine (1458 – Jan. 25, 1480), married in 1474 to Charles IV, Duke of Anjou.[1] There was no issue from the marriage.
Yolande of Lorraine, who died in 1500, married William II, Landgrave of Hesse, by whom she had issue.
Marguerite of Lorraine (1463–1521), married René, Duke of Alençon (1454–1492). She had issue, from whom descended King Henry IV of France.

Excursus
René II, Duke of Lorraine
marriage
René married Philippa of Guelders, daughter of Adolf, Duke of Guelders, in Orléans on 1 September 1485 [she was 17]
children
Charles (b. 17 August 1486, Nancy), d. young
Francis (5 July 1487, Pont-à-Mousson) (died at birth)
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (1489–1544)
Nicholas (9 April 1493, Nancy), d. young
Claude, Duke of Guise (1496–1550), first Duke of Guise
Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine and Bishop of Metz (1498–1550)
Louis, Count of Vaudémont (1500–1528)
François, Count of Lambesc (1506–1525)
Anne (19 December 1490, Bar-le-Duc – 1491)
Isabelle (2 November 1494, Lunéville – bef. 1508)
twins
Claude and Catherine (twins) (24 November 1502, Bar-le-Duc), d. young

Excursus
William II, Landgrave of Hesse
first marriage
On 9 November 1497 William II married Yolande, daughter of Frederick II of Vaudémont. She died on 21 May 1500 after the marriage produced one child
child
William (27 March 1500 – 8 April 1500)
second marriage
The same year on 20 October, his second marriage was to Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin [who was 15]
children
Elisabeth (4 March 1502 – 6 December 1557)
Magdalena (18 July 1503 – September 1504)
Philip I, (13 November 1504 – 31 March 1567)

Excursus
Margaret of Lorraine, Blessed
childhood to marriage
Margaret was the youngest daughter of Frederick II, Count of Vaudémont and Yolande d'Anjou. She lost her father at the age of seven, and was brought up at Aix-en-Provence by her grandfather René of Anjou. The latter died in 1480 and she was sent back to Lorraine to her brother, René II. He arranged her marriage to René, Duke of Alençon, whom she wed in Toul on 14 May 1488 [when she was 15]
children
Charles IV of Alençon (1489–1525), married Marguerite of Angoulême as her first husband.
Françoise of Alençon, Duchess of Beaumont (1490- 14 September 1550), married firstly in 1505, François, Duke of Longueville; married secondly in 1513, Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, by whom she had thirteen children.
Anne, Lady of La Guerche (30 October 1492- 18 October 1562), married in 1508, William IX Palaeologos, Marquis of Montferrat by whom she had three children.
widowhood
Left a widow in 1492, she busied herself in the administration of her duchy and the education of her children. When she was relieved of the duties imposed upon her by her position, she decided to renounce the world and retired to Mortagne, to a monastery of religious women who followed the rule of Saint Elizabeth. Later, having brought with her to Argentan some of these nuns, she founded there another monastery which she placed, with the authorization of the pope, under the rule of Saint Clare, modified by the Minor Observants.

She herself took the religious habit in this house and made her vows on 11 October 1520. On 2 November 1521, after having lived an austere life for a year, she died in her modest cell, at the age of sixty-two. Her body, preserved in the monastery of the Poor Clares, and when that monastery was suppressed, was transferred to the church of Saint Germain d'Argentan. In 1793, during the French Revolution, it was profaned and thrown into the common burial place.

The memory of Margaret of Lorraine is preserved in the Martyrologium franciscanum and in the Martyrologium gallicanum. After an invitation made by the bishop of Séez, Jacques Camus de Pontcarré, Louis XIII asked Pope Urban VIII to order a canonical inquiry into the virtues and the miracles of the Duchess.

Excursus
Margaret of Anjou
marriage
On 23 April 1445 [when she was 15], Margaret married King Henry VI of England, who was eight years her senior, at Titchfield Abbey in Hampshire.
child
When he married Margaret, his mental condition was already unstable and by the birth of their only son, Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (born 13 October 1453), he had suffered a complete breakdown. (13 October 1453 – 4 May 1471)

Excursus
Yolande of Anjou / Francis I, Duke of Brittany
latter's first marriage
Francis I's first marriage was to Yolande of Anjou, daughter of Louis II, Duke of Anjou and Yolande of Aragon; they were married at Nantes in 1431. [she was 19]
son
Francis and Yolande had a son, Renaud, Count of Montfort. His son Renaud died young and his wife Yolande died in 1440.
second marriage
His second marriage was to Isabel of Scotland (daughter of James I, King of Scots and Joan Beaufort); he married Isabel at the Château d'Auray on 30 October 1442. [she was 16]
daughters
Margaret of Brittany (1443–1469, Nantes), married Francis II, Duke of Brittany
Marie of Brittany (1444–1506), married John II, Viscount of Rohan and Count of Porhoët.

Excursus
Margaret of Brittany
marriage
On 13 or 16 November 1455 [she was 12], Margaret was married to Francis of Étampes, her first cousin once removed, at the Château de l'Hermine in Vannes. She became Duchess of Brittany upon his accession as "Francis II, Duke of Brittany" in 1458.
son
Their only son John, Count of Montfort, died at a young age. (second marriage of Francis, see Margaret de Foix]

Excursus
Marie of Brittany
marriage
Marie of Brittany married John II of Rohan, Viscount of Rohan, Count of Leon and Porhoët in 1462. [she was 18]
children
François (10 Jul 1469-killed in action 1488)
Jean (2 Oct 1476-2 Jun 1505)
Jacques, Viscount of Rohan and Leon, Count de Porhoet, (1478-16 Oct 1527); married first Françoise de Rohan; married second Françoise, daughter of Jean de Daillon (and later wife of Joachim de Goyon de Matignon, Count de Thorigny)
Georges (1479-1502)
Claude, (1480-15 Jul 1540) Bishop of Leon and after the death of his brother Jacques,Viscount of Rohan from 1527 until 1540.
Anne, Viscountess of Rohan (1485-5 April 1529) m.27 Sep 1515 Pierre de Rohan, Lord of Frontenay (k.a.1525) [1] Her son René I, Viscount of Rohan would later become the 18th Viscount of Rohan.
Marie, d.9 Jun 1542; m.17 Nov 1511 Louis IV de Rohan, Lord of Guémené (d.1527)

Excursus
Charles, Count of Maine
first marriage
In 1434, he married Cobella Ruffo (d. 1442), Countess of Montalto and Corigliano
son
Jean Louis Marin of Anjou, died as an infant.
second marriage
in 1443, to Isabelle of Luxembourg (d. 1472)
children
Louise of Anjou (1445–1477, Carlat), married in 1462 [at 17] at Poitiers, Jacques d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (d. 1477).
Charles IV, Duke of Anjou (1446–1481)

Excursus
Jacques d'Armagnac
marriage
In 1462, Jacques succeeded his father, and Louis XI married him to his god-daughter, Louise of Anjou, daughter of Charles of Le Maine.
children
Jacques (d. young)
Jean d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (1467–1500)
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (1472–1503)
Marguerite d'Armagnac, Duchess of Nemours (d. 1503), married Peter de Rohan (d.1514)
Catherine d'Armagnac (d. 1487), married John II, Duke of Bourbon in 1484
Charlotte d'Armagnac, Duchess of Nemours (d. 1504), married Charles de Rohan (d.1504)

Excursus
Jean d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
He married Yolande de La Haye (d. 1517) in 1492, but had no children.

Excursus
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
not married. Since his sisters have no own articles, we'll use those of their husbands.

Excursus
Pierre de Rohan-Gié
premier mariage
Arrangé par Louis XI, il avait épousé en premières noces le 20 janvier 147613 Françoise de Penhoët21, vicomtesse de Fronsac, dame de La Boëssière, La Marche en Bédée (La Marché), La Motte-Glain
enfants
Charles (1478 † 1528), seigneur de Gié et de La Marché, comte de Guise par son mariage en 1504 avec Charlotte d'Armagnac (cf. ci-dessous ; elle † peu après) ; fait comte d'Orbec par François Ier en janvier 1527 en échange du comté de Guise
François (1479 † 1536), archevêque de Lyon (1502-1536)
Pierre II († 1525), seigneur de Frontenay, et de Gié, mari d'Anne de Rohan : d'où la suite des vicomtes de Rohan comtes de Porhoët
secondes noces
Veuf, il s'était remarié en 1503 avec Marguerite d'Armagnac († 1503), comtesse de Guise, fille de Jacques d'Armagnac, duc de Nemours et comte de la Marche, et de Louise d'Anjou. Ils n'eurent pas d'enfants.

Excursus
John II, Duke of Bourbon
first marriage
In 1447, his father, the Duke of Bourbon, had his heir married to a daughter of Charles VII, King of France, Joan of Valois. [she was 12]
They were duly married at the Château de Moulins. They had no surviving issue.
second marriage
In 1484 at St. Cloud to Catherine of Armagnac, daughter of Jacques of Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, who died in 1487 while giving birth to
son
John of Bourbon (Moulins, 1487 - 1487), styled Count of Clermont
third marriage
In 1487 he married Jeanne of Bourbon-Vendôme, daughter of John of Bourbon, Count of Vendôme, by whom he had one son
by whom he had one son
Louis of Bourbon (1488 - 1488), styled Count of Clermont

Excursus
Charles de Rohan-Gié
premières noces
Afin de conserver Guise dans la famille, il épouse le 24 février 1504 Charlotte d'Armagnac, comtesse de Guise et dame de Sablé, fille de Jacques d'Armagnac, duc de Nemours et comte de la Marche, et de Louise d'Anjou, la sœur de la seconde épouse de son père. Mais Charlotte meurt en août 1504 et un procès oppose alors la Maison de Rohan à celle de Lorraine à propos de la possession de Guise.
secondes noces
il se remarie avec Giovanna di Sanseverino, fille de Bernardino di Sanseverino, prince de Bisignano et de Jeanne/Diane Eléonore Piccolimini d’Aragon (arrière-petite-fille illégitime par les femmes d’Alphonse V d'Aragon).
enfants
François (1515 † 1559) seigneur de Gyé, vicomte de Fronsac et comte d'Orbec
Claude de Thoury de Rohan-Gié, célèbre maîtresse du Roi François Ier.
la marquise Jacqueline de Rohan-Gyé († 1587), mariée à François d'Orléans-Longueville, marquis de Rothelin. Leur fils fut le duc Léonor et leur fille épousa Louis Ier prince de Bourbon-Condé, d'où les Bourbon-Soissons, fondus dans les d'Albert de Luynes comtes de Dunois et dans les Savoie-Carignan ancêtres des rois d'Italie.

Excursus
Charles IV, Duke of Anjou
In 1474 he married Joan of Lorraine (1458 – 25 January 1480), daughter of Frederick II of Vaudémont, but they had no children. He died on 10 December 1481. He willed his inheritance to his cousin Louis XI of France, whose heirs thus obtained a claim to the affairs of Italy, pursued in the next decades.

France St Louis IX to Louis XI, II


Continuing previous

Excursus
Marie of Savoy, Countess of Saint-Pol
First betrothal
In 1454 at the age of six, she was betrothed to Filippo Maria Sforza (1448–1492), the son of Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Milan, and Bianca Maria Visconti. The contract was dated 13 December 1454.[1] For reasons unknown, the betrothal was annulled, and he married instead his cousin, Costanza Sforza.
[Since only betrothed, not married, the betrothal could be reversed]
Second betrothal/first marriage
In 1466, she married Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, de Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France (1418–19 December 1475). The marriage contract was dated 1 August 1466.
Children
Louis of Luxembourg, Duke of Andria, and of Venosa, Prince of Altamura (died 31 December 1503), married Eleanor of Guevara and Beaux, Princess of Altamura. He was Governor of Picardy and a Lieutenant General in the French Army.
Jeanne of Luxembourg, a nun in Ghent
Marguerite of Luxembourg (died 1494), Abbess of Soissons
First marriage of II Hb
his first wife, Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons having died in 1462.
John of Luxembourg, Count of Marle and Soissons, Governor of Burgundy (killed at the Battle of Morat on 22 June 1476)
Jacqueline of Luxembourg, (died 1511), married Philippe de Croy, 2nd Count of Porcien, by whom she had issue.
Peter II (Pierre de Luxembourg; c. 1440 – 25 October 1482) was Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, Marle, and Soissons.
Helene of Luxembourg (died 23 August 1488), married Janus of Savoy, Count of Faucigny, Governor of Nice (1440–1491), the brother of her sister-in-law, Marguerite of Savoy, by whom she had a daughter, Louise of Savoy (1467- 1 May 1530).
Charles of Luxembourg, Bishop of Laon (1447 - 24 November 1509), had several illegitimate children by an unknown mistress.
Anthony I, Count of Ligny (1450–1519)
Philippe of Luxembourg, Abbot at Moncel

Excursus
Bona of Savoy
Gian Galeazzo Sforza (20 June 1469 – 21 October 1494), married his first cousin Isabella of Naples (2 October 1470 – 11 February 1524), by whom he had issue, including Bona Sforza, Queen consort of King Sigismund I of Poland, who in her turn had six children.
Hermes Maria Sforza (10 May 1470 – 18 September 1503), Marquis of Tortona.
Bianca Maria Sforza (5 April 1472 – 31 December 1510), in January 1474, married firstly Philibert I, Duke of Savoy; on 16 March 1494, married secondly, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, she had no issue by her two husbands.
Anna Maria Sforza (21 July 1476 – 30 November 1497), married Alfonso I d'Este, later Duke of Ferrara. She died in childbirth.

Excursus
Gian Galeazzo Sforza
Francesco Sforza (1491–1512)
Ippolita Maria Sforza (1493-1501)
Bona Sforza (1494–1557); married Sigismund I of Poland
Bianca Maria Sforza (posthumously 1495–1496)

Excursus
Anna Sforza
In 1477, Anna was formally betrothed to the heir of Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara. Her wedding with Prince Alfonso d'Este took place fourteen years later, on 12 January 1491, amidst banquets, receptions, and theatrical representations. However, the marriage was unhappy: blonde and without femininity, Anna, all her time dressed like a man, refused to consummate her union, preferred the company of women and spent every night with a small black slave.[1]

Only after six years of marriage, Anna finally became pregnant, but died in childbirth; while some sources reported that her child, a son, died immediately after being baptized; others,[2][3][4][5] said that he survived and was named Alessandro, dying in 1514 aged 17. She was buried in the monastery of San Vito, of which Anna was a benefactor. Her husband was unable to take part of her funeral because at that time his face was disfigured as a consequence of syphilis.[6]

Her death marked the end of the bond between the Sforza and Este families. Alfonso remarried, to Lucrezia Borgia, in 1502.

Excursus
Jacques of Savoy, Count of Romont
Amadeus suffered from epilepsy and let his wife, Yolande of Valois, and his brother, the Count of Bresse govern for him. He died in 1472 and was succeeded by his son Philibert, who was only 6 years old. The young Duke's mother, Yolande, became his regent and tutor.

Excursus
Margaret of Savoy, Duchess of Anjou
First Marriage
Margaret married firstly Louis, Duke of Anjou, the titular King of Naples.[1] He was a son of Louis II of Anjou and Yolande of Aragon. Their first marriage contract is dated on 31 Mar 1431. She became known as the Duchess of Anjou. They had no children, and he died in 1434.
Second marriage
In 1445, Margaret next married Louis IV, Count Palatine of the Rhine.[2] He was a son of Louis III, Elector Palatine and his second wife Matilda of Savoy. Margaret became Countess of the Palatinate through this alliance. Their marriage lasted only four years, as Louis died on 13 August 1449.
Son
Philip, Elector Palatine (14 July 1448 – 28 February 1508).
Third Marriage
Thirdly, she married in Stuttgart 11 November 1453 Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg. They were both the other's third spouses. She added the title Countess of Württemberg to her many titles through this alliance.
Children
Margaret (c. 1454[3] – 21 April 1470), married 23 April 1469 to Count Philip I of Eppstein-Königstein
Philippine (c. 1456[3] – 4 June 1475, Weert), married 22 April/4 June 1470 to Count James II of Horn.
Helene (c. 1460[3] – 19 February 1506), married in Waldenburg 26 February 1476 to Count Kraft VI of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein.
I marriage of III Hb
First, he married in Stuttgart 29 January 1441 to Margaret of Cleves, daughter of Duke Adolf I of Cleves and Mary of Burgundy.
Daughter
Katharina (7 December 1441 – 28 June 1497, Würzburg), a nun in Laufen.
II marriage of III Hb
Second, he married in Stuttgart 8 February 1445 to Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut, daughter of Henry XVI of Bavaria and Margarete of Austria.
Children
Margareta (ca. 1446[2] – 21 July 1479, Worms), a nun in Liebenau monastery.
Duke Eberhard II (1 February 1447, Waiblingen – 17 February 1504, Castle Lindenfels, Odenwald).
Henry (7 September 1448 – 15 April 1519), Count of Montbéliard.
Ulrich (ca. 1449 – died young).
Elisabeth (23 December 1450, Landshut – 6 April 1501), married in Münnerstadt 13 September 1469 to Count Friedrich II of Henneberg.

Excursus
Margaret of Bourbon, Lady of Albret
...was a daughter of Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, and his wife Isabella of France, who was a daughter of Charles of France. Margaret was a member of the House of Bourbon.

Margaret married Arnaud Amanieu, Lord of Albret, on 30 June 1368; the marriage was the outcome of a secret treaty between Charles V of France and Arnaud Amanieu. The couple had one son, Charles d'Albret (b. December 1368 - d. 25 October 1415), who became Count of Dreux and Constable of France. He was killed at the Battle of Agincourt.

Excursus
Charles I of Albret
Marriage
He married, as her third husband, Marie de Sully,[5] daughter of Louis de Sully and Isabel de Craon,[1] on 27 January 1400
Jeanne d'Albret (1403–1433), married in 1422 John I, Count of Foix. She was his second wife; the only one of his three wives who bore him issue. Gaston IV of Foix was the eldest of their two sons.
Charles II d'Albret (1407–1471), married Anne of Armagnac (born 1402), the daughter of Bernard VII of Armagnac, Count of Charolais and Bonne of Berry, by whom he had seven children. Queen Jeanne III of Navarre was a notable descendant.
Guillaume d'Albret (d. 1429), Lord of Orval
Jean d'Albret
Catherine d'Albret, married Jean de Montagu (1363–1409), vidame of Laon and illegitimate son of Charles V of France.
I and II marriages of Marie de Sully, not known

Excursus
John I, Count of Foix/Jeanne d'Albret
(she was his second wife)
Gaston (27 November 1422 - 25 July/28 July 1472), succeeded his father and married Eleanor of Navarre (niece of John's first wife).
Peter (died 1454) Viscount of Lautrec
III marriage
After Jeanne's death, John married thirdly in 1436 to Joanna, daughter of James II of Urgell and Isabella of Aragon; they had no children [like the first], but the marriage helped John recover the remaining Spanish property he was owed.

Excursus
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
Gaston de Foix (1443-1470), (sometimes called “Gaston V of Foix”), Viscount of Castelbon, Prince of Viana (1462-1470), lieutenant general of Navarre (1469).
Jean de Foix (1446-1500), Viscount of Narbonne (1468-1500), Count d'Étampes (1478-1500). He claimed the throne of Navarre upon the death of his nephew François Phébus. He married in 1476 Marie of Orleans (1457-1493)
Marguerite de Foix (1449-1486), married at Clisson on 27 June 1471 Francis II, Duke of Brittany. They were parents of Anne of Brittany, twice queen of France as consort to both Charles VIII and Louis XII.
Pierre de Foix (7 February 1449 to 10 August 1490), (sometimes called “Pierre II of Foix”), called Pierre the Young, cardinal (1576), viceroy of Navarre (1479-1484)
Marie de Foix (c.1452-1467), married Guglielmo VIII, Marquis of Montferrat, son of Giangiacomo of Montferrat and his wife Jeanne de Savoie
Jeanne de Foix (c.1454-c.1476), married in August 1469 in Lectoure, to Jean V of Armagnac (1420-1473).
Catherine de Foix (c.1460-before 1494), married in 1469 Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale (c.1440-1500), (sometimes called “Gaston II of Foix”)
Isabel de Foix (after 1462).
Leonor de Foix (after 1466 - died young).
Jacques de Foix, Infante de Navarra (1469-in France 1500), Count de Montfort. Married in 1485 and divorced in 1494 Ana de Peralta, daughter of Pedro de Peralta, 1st Count de Santisteban y Lerín and his second wife Isabelle de Grailly. Married secondly in 1495 Catherine de Beaumont, daughter of Louis de Beaumont, 2nd Count de Lerín and his wife Leonor de Aragón. Jacques and his second wife had one child: Jean de Foix, abbot of Saint-Volusien-de-Foix. Jacques also had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: Frederic de Foix (-1537), Seigneur d'Almenèches, and Jacques de Foix (-7 Apr 1535), Bishop of Oloron and Lescar.

Excursus
Gaston, Prince of Viana
Francis I of Navarre, 1466–1483, King of Navarre 1479–1483
Catherine I of Navarre, 1470–1518, Queen-regnant of Navarre 1483–1518

Excursus
Francis Phoebus of Navarre
He died young while playing the pipe, arguably poisoned.

Excursus
Catherine of Navarre
marriage
In 1484, hard pressed by ambitions over the throne of Navarre, Magdalena of Valois decided to marry 15-year-old Catherine to John of Albret, hailing from a noble family in western Gascony.
children
Anne of Navarre (19 May 1492 – 15 August 1532)
Magdalena of Navarre (29 March 1494 – May 1504)
Catherine of Navarre (1495 – November 1532). Abbess of the Trinity at Caen.
Joan of Navarre (15 June 1496 – last mentioned in November, 1496).
Quiteria of Navarre (1499 – September/October 1536). Abbess at Montivilliers.
A stillborn son in 1500.
Andrew Phoebus of Navarre (14 October 1501 – 17 April 1503).
Henry II of Navarre (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555).
Buenaventura of Navarre (14 July 1505 – 1510/1511).
Martin of Navarre (c. 1506 – last mentioned in 1512).
Francis of Navarre (1508 – last mentioned in 1512).
Charles of Navarre (12 December 1510 – September 1528). Took part in the Siege of Naples during the War of the League of Cognac but was captured. Died while still held as a prisoner of war.
Isabella of Navarre (1513/1514 – last mentioned in 1555). Married Rene I, Viscount of Rohan.

Excursus
John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne
marriage
He married Marie of Orléans, sister of Louis XII, in 1476.
children
Germaine of Foix (1488–1538), who married Ferdinand II of Aragon, and whose relationship to the Navarrese throne was used as an excuse by Ferdinand to claim the throne of Navarre.
Gaston of Foix (1489–1512), who served as a general for his uncle Louis XII, dying at the Battle of Ravenna in Italy.

Excursus
Germaine of Foix
II wife of Ferdinant of Aragon
John, Prince of Girona, who died hours after being born on 3 May 1509
I wife of Hb
Isabella (1470–1498), Princess of Asturias (1497–1498). She married first Afonso, Prince of Portugal, but after his death she married his cousin Prince Manuel, the future King Emanuel I of Portugal. She died in childbirth delivering her son Miguel da Paz (Michael of Peace), Crown Prince of both Portugal and Spain who, in turn, died in infancy.
A Son miscarried on 31 May 1475 in Cebreros
John (1478–1497), Prince of Asturias (1478–1497). He married Margaret of Habsburg (daughter of King Maximilian I). He died of tuberculosis and his posthumous child with Margaret was stillborn.
Joanna I (1479–1555), Princess of Asturias (1500–1504), Queen of Castile (1504–1555), Queen of Aragon (1516–1555). She married Philip I (Philip the handsome) (son of the Emperor Maximilian I); and was the mother of King Charles I of Spain (also known as Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor). Ferdinand made her out to be mentally unstable and she was incarcerated by her father, and then by her son, in Tordesillas for over 50 years. Her grandson, Philip II of Spain, was crowned in 1556.
Maria (1482–1517). She married King Emanuel I of Portugal, the widower of her elder sister Isabella, and was the mother of King John III of Portugal and of the Cardinal-King, Henry I of Portugal.
A Stillborn Daughter, twin of Maria. Born 1 July 1482 at dawn.
Catalina, later known Catherine of Aragon, queen of England, (1485–1536). She married first Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of and heir to King Henry VII of England and, after Prince Arthur's death, she married his brother Henry, Duke of York, who also became Prince of Wales and then King Henry VIII. She thus became Queen of England and was the mother of Queen Mary I.

Excursus
Margaret of Foix
marriage
On 27 June 1474, at the Château de Clisson, she married Francis II, Duke of Brittany (1435–1488), son of Richard of Brittany, Count of Étampes (1395–1438), and Margaret of Orléans, Countess of Vertus (1406–1466). It was Francis's second marriage, his first wife, Margaret of Brittany, having died in 1469.
children
Anne of Brittany (1477–1514), Duchess of Brittany (1488–1514), and twice Queen Consort of France: from 1491 to 1498 as the wife of King Charles VIII of France, and from 1499 to 1514 as the wife of King Louis XII of France.
Isabeau of Brittany (1478–1490), betrothed to Jean d'Albret in 1481, died young, and was buried in the Rennes Cathedral.
I marriage of Hb
On 13 or 16 November 1455, Margaret was married to Francis of Étampes, her first cousin once removed, at the Château de l'Hermine in Vannes. She became Duchess of Brittany upon his accession as "Francis II, Duke of Brittany" in 1458.
son
Their only son John, Count of Montfort, died at a young age.

Excursus
Catherine of Foix, Countess of Candale
marriage
Catherine married her second cousin Gaston II de Foix, Count of Candale and Benauges.
children
Gaston de Foix, 3rd Count of Candale.
Jean de Foix, Archbishop of Bordeaux.
Pierre de Foix, died without issue.
Anne de Foix (1484 – 26 July 1506), married King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary.

Excursus
Anne of Foix-Candale
marriage
The elderly, twice-divorced and childless king Vladislaus II of Hungary of the Jagiellon dynasty had been searching a wife capable of giving him a son. His sights were set on a powerful alliance, and Anne, closely related to French royalty, was a good choice. So Anne got engaged in 1500, the marriage contract confirmed in 1501, and she wed Vladislaus by proxy at the French court in Blois in 1502. On her way to Hungary, she was much celebrated in Italy and in Venice, causing a conflict between France and Hungary over who should pay the expenses. On 29 September 1502 [18 years old], Anne wed Vladislaus in Székesfehérvár and she was crowned Queen of Hungary there that same day.
children
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (Buda, Hungary, 23 July 1503 – Prague, Bohemia, 27 January 1547), later Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. Married Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and they inherited Bohemia and what was left of Hungary. [She died in Prague, days after giving birth to her last daughter Joanna.]
Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, born on July 1, 1506, killed at the Battle of Mohács on August 29, 1526. Married Mary of Habsburg; their marriage was childless, although he fathered illegitimate issue.

Excursus
Jacques de Foix, Count of Montfort
Jacques and his second wife had one child, Jean de Foix, abbot of Saint-Volusien-de-Foix.

Excursus
Marie de Bourbon, Princess of Achaea
first marriage
On 29 November 1328, Marie was betrothed to Guy of Lusignan, titular Prince of Galilee at the Château de Bourbon. Her betrothed was a son of Hugh IV of Cyprus and his first wife Marie d'Ibelin.[1] On 20 December 1328, Marie and Guy were married by proxy. The Chronicle of Amadi records her arrival at Famagusta, Kingdom of Cyprus in June 1329. On 31 January 1330, Marie and Guy were married in person at Santa Sophia, Nicosia. [15 years old]
son
Hugh of Lusignan, their only known son, was born in about 1335. Her husband was appointed Constable of Cyprus between 1336 and 1338. He died in 1343 from unstated causes. The correspondence of Pope Clement VI includes a letter of condolences for the demise of Guy, dated to 24 September 1343. The actual death likely occurred in the months preceding the letter.[3] The widowed Marie was not allowed to leave Cyprus until 1346 by orders of her father-in-law.[4]
second marriage
On 9 September 1347, Marie married her second husband Robert of Taranto, a first cousin, once removed to Joan. Her new husband was the claimant to the throne of the Latin Empire while holding both the Principality of Taranto and the Principality of Achaea. He had also been appointed a Captain General in the military of Naples.
son? no son?
On 10 September 1364, Robert of Taranto died. Their marriage had been childless and his legal heir was his younger brother Philip II of Taranto. However Marie contested the succession. By 1364, Marie owned sixteen castles in Achaia and thus controlled a considerable section of the Principality. She kept the title of Princess of Achaia and put forth her son Hugh as her own candidate for the throne of the principality. Hugh was still unable to claim the throne of Cyprus but his uncle Peter I named him Prince of Galilee in 1365. In 1366, Hugh invaded the Peloponnese at the head of 12,000 mercenaries, initiating a civil war for Achaia

Excursus
James I, Count of La Marche
Isabelle (1340–1371), married Louis II, Viscount of Beaumont-au-Maine, in Lyon (1362); married Bouchard VII, Count of Vendôme (1364)
Pierre II, Count of La Marche (1342–1362)
Jean I, Count of La Marche (1344–1393); it is from him that all French Kings starting from Henry IV are descended in the male line.
Jacques de Bourbon, Baron de Thury (1346–1417), married (c. 1385) Marguerite, dame de Preaux, de Dangu and de Thury.[4] They had six children, of whom two sons married: Pierre de Bourbon, seigneur de Preaux, who wed Elisabeth de Montagu, widow of Jean IV de Pierrepont, Count of Roucy, and eldest daughter of Jean, seigneur de Marcoussi, Grand Master of France; and Jacques de Bourbon, Baron de Thury, who renounced his benefices in 1417 to marry Jeanne de Montagu, third daughter of Jean, Seigneur de Marcoussi and sister of his elder brother's wife, after whose death in 1419 Jacques resumed holy orders, first in the Celestines and then in the Cordeliers.[4] Neither Pierre nor Jacques de Bourbon left legitimate issue.[4]

Excursus
Beatrice of Bourbon, Queen of Bohemia
first marriage:
The marriage of King John of Bohemia and Beatrice of Bourbon was solemnized in the Château de Vincennes in December 1334, at which time she was fourteen years old. But because the two were related in a prohibited degree (they were second cousins through their common descent from Henry V, Count of Luxembourg, and his wife Margaret of Bar), Pope Benedict XII had to give dispensation for the marriage, which was granted in Avignon on 9 January 1335 at the request of Philip VI.
son:
Wenceslaus I (also Wenceslas, Venceslas, Wenzel, or Václav, often called Wenceslaus of Bohemia in chronicles) (Prague, 25 February 1337 – Luxembourg, 7 December 1383) was the first Duke of Luxembourg from 1354.
second marriage:
Around 1347, Beatrice married for a second time to Eudes II, Lord of Grancey, (then a widower) at her state of Damvillers. Despite her new marriage, she retained the title of Queen of Bohemia. The couple had no children.[1][2] Soon after her second marriage, she arranged the betrothal of her son Wenceslaus with the widowed Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, daughter and heiress of John III, Duke of Brabant, who was fifteen years older than he was. The marriage took place in Damvillers four years later, on 17 May 1351.

Excursus
John of Charolais
[grandson of St Louis IX, remember?]
marriage
C. 1309, John married Joanna of Dargies and Catheux (daughter of Renaud II of Dargies and Catheux and his spouse, Agnes).
daughters:
John and his wife had a daughter, Lady Beatrice of Charolais, who succeeded her father. (janvier 1311 † Rodez 25 août 1364) [she was 17]
Another daughter of John’s was Joanna, wife to John I, Count of Auvergne (vers 1314 † Brios en Vermandois ? le 27 juillet 1388)

Excursus
Jean Ier d'Auvergne
mariage
En 1328, le futur Jean Ier épousa Jeanne (morte en 1383), dame de Saint-Just, fille de Jean de Clermont, seigneur de Charolais.
enfans:
Marie d'Auvergne-Boulogne qui épousa Raymond VIII, vicomte de Turenne.
Jean II (mort en 1404), comte d’Auvergne (1386-1404) et comte de Boulogne (1386-1404)

Excursus
Jean II d'Auvergne
mariage
Le 11 août 1373, il épousa Aliénor de Comminges (dates de vie non connues), fille de Pierre Raymond II (mort vers 1376), comte de Comminges, et de Jeanne de Comminges (morte après 1398).
fille
Jeanne II d'Auvergne (1378-1424), morte sans postérité connue / Joan II, Countess of Auvergne

Excursus
Joan II, Countess of Auvergne
first marriage
In 1389, Joan was married to John, Duke of Berry, a son of John II of France, whose wife had died in the previous year.[4][5] They had no children. At the age of fifteen, Joan was present at the infamous Bal des Ardents given by Queen Isabeau, wife of the Duke of Berry's nephew King Charles, on 28 January 1393. During this, the King and five nobles dressed up as wildmen, clad "in costumes of linen cloth sewn onto their bodies and soaked in resinous wax or pitch to hold a covering of frazzled hemp," and proceeded to dance about chained together. At length, the King became separated from the others, and made his way to the Duchess, who jokingly refused to let him wander off again until he told her his name. When Charles' brother, Louis of Orléans, accidentally set the other dancers on fire, Joan swathed the King in her skirts, protecting him from the flames and saving his life.
second marriage
Joan was widowed upon the death of the Duke of Berry in 1416. She married Georges de la Trémoille soon after; however, they produced no children, and the counties passed to her cousin, Marie I of Auvergne, upon her death in 1424.

Excursus
Marie I, Countess of Auvergne
marriage
Sometime after 11 January 1389 [she was 13], Marie married Bertrand IV, Seigneur de La Tour, the son of Guy de La Tour and Marthe Rogier de Beaufort
children
Bertrand V de La Tour, Seigneur de La Tour, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne (died March 1461), married in 1416 Jacquette du Peschin (c.1400- 1473) by whom he had six children. His descendants (among which there is his great-granddaughter Marie d'Albret, Countess of Rethel) were known by the name of de La Tour d'Auvergne.
Jeanne de La Tour (c.1390- before 1416), married Beraud III, Count of Clermont (1375–1426) by whom she had one daughter, Jeanne.
Isabelle de La Tour (b.1395), married 12 September 1419 Louis Armand Chalancon, Viscount of Polignac (1379-1452) by whom she had six children.
Louise de La Tour (died 14 June 1471), married firstly Tristan de Clermont-Lodève; she married secondly Claude de Montagu, Seigneur de Couches et d'Espoisses. Both marriages were childless. [Louise, (1410 † 1472), mariée en 1433 à Claude de Montagu, seigneur de Couches († 1471)]

Excursus
Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
marriage
She married Robert II, Duke of Burgundy[2] in 1279 [19], and became the mother of eight children.
children
Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (1282–1315).[2]
Blanche (1288–1348), married Edward, Count of Savoy.
Margaret (1290–1315), married king Louis X of France.
Joan (ca.1290–1348), married count of Maine and Valois, later king Philip VI of France.
Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy (1295–1350).
Louis, King of Thessalonica (1297–1316), married Matilda of Hainaut.
Mary (1298–1336) married Edward I, Count of Bar
Robert, Count of Tonnerre (1302–1334), married Joanna, heiress of Tonnerre.
Jean (v. 1279 † 1283)
Marguerite, née en 1285, morte jeune

Excursus
Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy
Hugh was betrothed to Catherine of Valois in 1302, but the betrothal was broken off 30 September 1312,[1] and he had no known descendants.

Excursus
Blanche de Bourgogne (comtesse de Savoie)
mariage
La duchesse Agnès — « préoccupée de l'avenir de ses enfants », selon l'historien Ernest Petit — négocie le mariage de sa fille avec le fils aîné du comte Amédée V de Savoie, le jeune Édouard1. Les pourparlers se déroulent à Paris, près du roi, et trouvent un accord le 27 septembre 13071. La princesse apporte en dot 20 000 livres et le comte s'engage à faire de son fils son successeur1. Le mariage est célébré le 17 octobre 1307 au château de Montbard, en Bourgogne1.
fille
Le couple n'a qu'un enfant, une fille, Jeanne (1310-1344)

Excursus
Joan of Savoy
marriage
Joan married in 1329 aged nineteen to the forty-three-year-old, childless John III, Duke of Brittany; she was his third wife, John's second wife Isabella had died the previous year. Joan and John were married for twelve years but produced no offspring, and John died on 30 April 1341, leaving Joan a childless widow. This led to a disputed succession in Brittany between John's half-brother of the same name and John's niece Joan.

Excursus
Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France
see King Louis X and I.

Excursus
Joan the Lame
see King Philip VI.

Excursus
Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy
marriage
Joan III of Burgundy (1/2 May 1308 – 10/15 August 1349), also known as Joan of France was a reigning Countess of Burgundy and Artois, and a Duchess consort of Burgundy. She was married in 1318 [10] to Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy,
children
1
2
3
4
5
Joan bore six children. With the exception of Philip (November 10, 1323 – August 10, 1346), all were stillborn or died in infancy.

Excursus
Philip, as per above
He married Joan I, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne, in c. 1338. In 1340, he fought with his father who defended the city of Saint-Omer against the assaults of Robert III of Artois. In 1346, he participated in the siege of Aiguillon, led by John, Duke of Normandy (the future John II of France). It was during this siege that he died, after falling from his horse.[2] His widow Joan remarried in 1349, her second husband being King John II of France. Since Philip had no other sons from his marriage to Joan, the future of the House of Burgundy was then placed in the hands of his young son Philip (1346–61), who afterwards died childless.[3]
His daughter, Joan (1344 – 11 September 1360), was betrothed to Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy from 1347 to 1355, and was raised at his court. When she was released from the engagement at age 10, she entered a convent at Poissy, where she remained for her final years.

Excursus
Edward I, Count of Bar
In 1310, he married Mary, daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy,[1] and was declared to have attained his majority.
children
Henry IV, his successor (abt 1315–1344)
Eleanor (died 1332), married (1330) Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, son of Frederick IV
Beatrice, married Guido Gonzaga, Lord of Mantua

France St Louis IX to Louis XI, I


Relying on wikipedia:

I
Louis IX of France
Blanche (12 July/4 December[25] 1240 – 29 April 1243), died in infancy.
Isabella (2 March 1241 – 28 January 1271), married Theobald II of Navarre.
Louis (23 September 1243/24 February 1244[25] – 11 January/2 February 1260). Betrothed to Berengaria of Castile in Paris on 20 August 1255.[25]
Philip III (1 May 1245 – 5 October 1285), married firstly to Isabella of Aragon in 1262 and secondly to Maria of Brabant in 1274.
John (1246/1247[25] – 10 March 1248), died in infancy.
John Tristan (8 April 1250 – 3 August 1270), Count of Valois, married Yolande II, Countess of Nevers.
Peter (1251 – 6/7 April 1284), Count of Perche and Alençon, married Joanne of Châtillon.
Blanche (early 1253[25] – 17 June 1320), married Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.
Margaret (early 1255[25] – July 1271), married John I, Duke of Brabant.
Robert (1256 – 7 February 1317), Count of Clermont, married Beatrice of Burgundy. The French crown devolved upon his male-line descendant, Henry IV, when the legitimate male line of Robert's older brother Philip III died out in 1589.
Agnes (1260 – 19/20 December 1327[25]), married Robert II, Duke of Burgundy.

Excursus
Isabella of France, Queen of Navarre
Childless:
Louis IX wanted to make peace with Navarre so he married Isabella off to Theobald.[citation needed] The Archbishop of Rouen celebrated the marriage between Isabella and Theobald II, King of Navarre and Count of Champagne, on 6 April 1255 in Melun. The bridegroom was 16 and the bride 14 years old.

Together with her husband and her father, the very pious Isabella travelled with the Eighth Crusade in July 1270.[citation needed] Her father died there in August of the same year. Then, in December, Isabella's husband died of an epidemic while in Sicily. After the deaths of both her father and husband, Isabella returned to France and lived in Provence until her death only two months later in 1271.

Isabella is buried next to her husband in Provins.

Excursus
Peter, Count of Alençon
Louis (1276-7)
Philip (1278–79)

Excursus
Blanche of France, Infanta of Castile
Alfonso (1270–1324), who married Mahaut, daughter of John I of Brienne, Count of Eu. They had four sons and three daughters.
Ferdinand (1275–1322), who married Juana Núñez de Lara, called "la Palomilla", Lady of Lara and Herrera, daughter of Juan Núñez I de Lara and Teresa Álvarez de Azagra. They had one son and three daughters. One daughter, Blanca de La Cerda y Lara, was the mother-in-law of King Henry II of Castile.

Excursus
Alfonso de la Cerda
Fernando Alfonso de la Cerda b. 1286 - 1340c. married to Elvira de Ayala
Alfonso de la Cerda (France, 1289 - Gentilly, France, 15 April 1327), named of Spain, Archdeacon of Paris to 1322, Baron de Lunel, 1324, Lord of Tafalla and Caparroso July 1325. Married Isabelle d'Antoing, Viscountess Ghent, the daughter of Hugh IV, Lord of Antoing, and Mary, Viscountess Ghent. He was the father of Charles de la Cerda, Count of Angoulême and Constable of France.
Henry de La Cerda (France, 1290 - after 1326), Archdeacon of Paris after his brother Alfonso.
Luis de la Cerda (France, 1291 - La Motte du Rhône, 5 July 1348), Count of Clermont and Talmont, Admiral of France, chief prince of the Canary Islands 15 November 1344. In 1306, he married Leonor de Guzmán, daughter of Alonso Perez de Guzman and Maria Alfonso Coronel. Remarried in 1346 to Guiot d'Uzes daughter of Robert I, Vicomte d'Uzes and Guiot de Posquières.
Margarita de la Cerda (1293 - after 1328), Lady of Lemos and Sarri. Married to the Infante Philip of Castile y Molina, son of King Sancho IV of Castile and Leon and Queen Maria de Molina. She was buried alongside her husband Prince Philip at the Monastery of Santa Clara Allariz in Galicia.
Juan Alfonso de la Cerda (France, 1295 - 7 August 1347), Lord of Gibraleón, Huelva, Real de Manzanares and Deza. Married Maria Alfonso de Portugal (illegitimate daughter of King Denis of Portugal).
Maria de la Cerda (Spain, 1305 - before 1355), Lady of Villafranca de Valcárcel. Married Alfonso Melendez de Guzman. She was buried in the monastery of San Francisco de Villafranca, near Valcárcel.
Inés de la Cerda (Spain, 1307 - 24 October 1339), Lady of Bembibre. Married Fernán Rodríguez de Villalobos, Lord of Villalobos. She was buried in the monastery of San Francisco de Villafranca, near Valcárcel.

Excursus
Charles de La Cerda
murdered, no children mentioned

Excursus
Luis de la Cerda
Alfonso,
Maria,
Blanca,
Fernando
and a second Maria de la Cerda, all of which died in childhood.
Luis de la Cerda y Guzmán (c. 1325 - 1383), second titular Prince of Fortuna and second Count of Talmont.
Juan de la Cerda y Guzmán (1327–1357), Lord of Puerto de Santa María and Gibraleón, briefly alguacil mayor of Seville (f. 1355).
Isabel de la Cerda y Guzmán (c. 1329 - 1382), Lady of Puerto de Santa María, married 1. Rodrigo Pérez Ponce de León and 2. Bernal de Foix, 1st Count of Medinaceli.

Excursus
Ferdinand de la Cerda, Lord of Lara
Juan Núñez de Lara (1313–1350), married Maria de Haro
Blanche Núñez de Lara (1311–1347), married Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena and was mother of Juana Manuel of Castile, consort of Henry II of Castile and mother of John I of Castile.
Margaret Núñez de Lara, a nun
Maria Núñez de Lara, married Charles II of Alençon and was mother of Charles III of Alençon.

Excursus
Maria de La Cerda y de Lara
First Marriage
In April 1335 at Poissy, Maria married her first husband Charles d'Évreux. They were married for only a year but had twin sons. On the 5 September 1336 Charles died leaving Maria a seventeen-year-old widow with her two young sons.
Sons:
Louis II d'Évreux (1336–1400), married Jeanne (d. 1389), daughter of Raoul I of Brienne, Count of Eu
John (1336 – aft. 1373, Rome)
Second Marriage
Maria remarried only three months after Charles' death to Charles II, Count of Alençon. It was a second marriage for them both, Charles' first wife Jeanne of Joigny had died the previous year. They were married for nine years when Charles died at the Battle of Crécy.
Children:
Charles III of Alençon (1337 – 5 July 1375, Lyon)
Philip of Alençon (1338–1397, Rome), made Bishop of Beauvais in 1356, later Cardinal, Archbishop of Rouen, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Patriarch of Aquileia, and Bishop of Ostia and Sabina
Peter II of Alençon (1340 – 20 September 1404)
Isabelle (1342 – 3 September 1379, Poissy), became a nun
Robert of Alençon (1344–1377), Count of Perche, married 5 April 1374 Jeanne, daughter of Viscount John I of Rohan
First Marriage of II Hb
In April 1314 he married Jeanne of Joigny, who succeeded her father John II as Countess of Joigny in 1335, but died on 2 September 1336. They had no children.

Excursus
Margaret of France, Duchess of Brabant
Margaret was originally in 1257 betrothed to Henry IV, Duke of Brabant, son of Henry III, Duke of Brabant and Alice of Burgundy. This betrothal was terminated because of the imbecility of Henry.[1]

Henry was deposed in 1267. Henry's brother, John I, Duke of Brabant married Margaret on September 5, 1270.

Margaret became pregnant in 1270/1271. Margaret gave birth to a son in 1271. Mother and baby did not survive and both died shortly after the birth.

Excursus
Robert, Count of Clermont
Louis I, le Boiteux (1279–1342), first Duke of Bourbon
Blanche of Clermont (1281–1304); married in 1303 in Paris Robert VII, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne, grandmother of Joan I, Countess of Auvergne.
John of Clermont (1283–1316), Baron of Charolais; married c. 1309 Jeanne d'Argues, widow of Hugh, Count of Soissons, and had issue.
Mary of Clermont (1285–1372, Paris), Prioress of Poissy
Peter of Clermont (1287 – aft. 1330), Archdeacon of Paris
Margaret of Clermont (1289–1309, Paris); married firstly, in 1305, Raymond Berengar of Andria, and secondly, in 1308, John I, Marquis of Namur.

Excursus
Louis I, Duke of Bourbon
Legitimate children (better documented)
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (1311–1356), married Isabella of Valois, had issue. Peter was killed at the Battle of Poitiers
Joanna (1312–1402), married in 1324 Guigues VII, Count of Forez
Margaret (1313–1362), married on 6 July 1320 Jean II de Sully, married in 1346 Hutin de Vermeilles
[marriage contract, not consumed marriage]
Marie of Bourbon, Latin Empress (1315–1387, Naples), married first in Nicosia in January 1330 Guy of Lusignan (d. 1343), titular Prince of Galilee, married second on 9 September 1347 Robert of Taranto, the titular Latin Emperor. Only her first marriage produced surviving children.
Philip (1316 – aft. 1327)
James (1318)
James I, Count of La Marche (1319 – 1362), killed at the Battle of Brignais, from whom the later royal Bourbons descend.
Beatrice of Bourbon (1320 – 23 December 1383, Danvillers), married first at Vincennes in 1334 John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia as his second wife, married secondly c. 1347 Eudes II of Grancey (d. 1389)

Excursus
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
Louis II (1337–1410)
Joanna (1338–1378), married King Charles V of France
Blanche (1339–1361, Medina-Sidonia), married King Pedro of Castile in 1353 in Valladolid, poisoned by her husband
Bonne (1341 – 19 January 1402, Château de Mâcon), married Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy in 1355 in Paris
Catherine (1342–1427, Paris), married John VI of Harcourt
Margaret (1344–1416), married Arnaud Amanieu, Viscount of Tartas
Isabelle (b. 1345)
Isabella (1347–1401, Poissy), Prioress of Poissy

Excursus
Louis II, Duke of Bourbon
Catherine of Bourbon (b. 1378), d. young
John of Bourbon (1381–1434), Duke of Bourbon
Louis of Bourbon (1388 – 1404), Sieur de Beaujeu
Isabelle of Bourbon (1384 – aft. 1451)

Excursus
Joanna of Bourbon
transferred to the King.

Excursus
Bonne of Bourbon
A daughter, born 1358, who died after a few weeks
Amadeus VII of Savoy (March 1360[9] – November 1, 1391). He married Bonne of Berry (1365–1435), daughter of Duke John of Berry and a niece of Bonne of Bourbon.
Louis of Savoy, born late 1364, died before the end of the year

Excursus
Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy
Amadeus VIII (4 September 1383 – 7 January 1451), later known as Antipope Felix V, married Mary of Burgundy (1380–1422), daughter of Philip the Bold
Bonne (d. 1432) married to Louis of Piedmont, the final of the Savoy-Archaea Branch; see also Thomas II of Savoy
Joan (d. 1460) married to Giangiacomo Paleologo, marquis of Montferrat.

Excursus
Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
Margaret of Savoy (13 May 1405 – 1418).
Anthony of Savoy (September 1407 – bef. 12 December 1407).
Anthony of Savoy (1408 – aft. 10 October 1408).
Marie of Savoy (end January 1411 – 22 February 1469), married Filippo Maria Visconti, duke of Milan.
Amadeus of Savoy (26 Mar 1412 – 17 August 1431), Prince of Piemonte.
Louis of Savoy (24 February 1413 – 29 January 1465), his successor.
Bonne of Savoy (September 1415 – 25 September 1430).
Philip of Savoy (1417 – 3 March 1444), Count of Genève.

Excursus
Marie of Savoy, Duchess of Milan
Marie of Savoy (1411–1469) was a daughter of Count Amadeus VIII of Savoy (later the Antipope Felix V) and Mary of Burgundy. She married Filippo Maria Visconti, the Duke of Milan in 1428.[1] They had no children.

Excursus
Louis, Duke of Savoy
Amadeus IX (Thonon, 1 February 1435 - 30 March 1472), Duke of Savoy.
Louis (Thonon, 5 June 1436 - Ripaille, 12 July 1482), Count of Geneva, King of Cyprus.
Marie (Morges, March 1437 - Thonon, 1 December 1437).
Jean (1437? - 1440).
Philip II (Thonon, 5 February 1438 - Torino, 7 November 1497), Duke of Savoy.
Marguerite (Pinerolo, April 1439 - Brugge, 9 March 1485), married firstly in December 1458 Giovanni IV Paleologo, Marquis of Montferrat and secondly Pierre II de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, Marle, and Soissons.
Pierre (Genève, ca. 2 February 1440 - Torino, 21 October 1458), Archbishop of Tarentasia.
[Yes, archbishop at 18 ... the kind of thing both Protestant and Catholic reformers acted against]
Janus (Genève, 8 November 1440 - Annecy, 22 December 1491), Count of Faucigny and Geneva, married Helene of Luxembourg, daughter of Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, and his first wife Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons.
Charlotte (Chambéry, 16 November 1441 - Amboise, 1 December 1483), married King Louis XI of France.
Aimon (Genève, 2 November 1442 – Genève, 30 March 1443).
Jacques (Genève, 29 November 1444 - Genève 1 June 1445).
Agnes (Chambéry, October 1445 - Paris, 16 March 1509), married François d'Orléans, Duke of Longueville. Their son is Louis I d'Orléans, duc de Longueville.
Jean Louis (Genève, 26 February 1447 - Torino, 4 July 1482), Bishop of Genève.
Maria (Pinerolo, 20 March 1448 - 13 September 1475), married Louis of Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France.
Bona (Avigliana, 12 August 1449 – Fossano, 17 November 1503), married Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan.
Giacomo (Genève, 12 November 1450 - Ham in Picardy, 30 January 1486), Count of Romont, Lord of Vaud.
Anne (Genève, September 1452 - Genève, 1 October 1452).
François (Annecy, 19 August 1454, - Torino 6 October 1490), Archbishop of Auch and Bishop of Geneva.
Jeanne (Died without alliance, 1455?).

Excursus
Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy, Blessed
Luigi (1453)
Anne (1455–1480), married Frederick IV of Naples (1452–1504), prince of Altamura
Carlo (1456–1471), Prince of Piedmont
Maria (1460–1511) married Philip of Hachberg-Sausenberg (1454–1503)
Blessed Louise (1461–1503), married Hugh, Prince of Chalon and, later, became a Poor Clare nun
Filiberto (1465–1482), oldest surviving son
Bernardo (1467)
Carlo (1468–1490)
James Louis (1470–1485), Count of Genevois, France
Gian Claudio Galeazzo (1472)

Excursus
Anne of Savoy
Charlotte of Naples, Princess of Taranto (February 1480 – 16 October 1506), married in 1500 Guy XV de Laval, Count of Laval, by whom she had issue.
Excursus
Philibert I, Duke of Savoy
He married in 1476 to his cousin Bianca Maria Sforza and had no children. Therefore, his duchy was inherited by his younger brother Charles.

Excursus
Charles I, Duke of Savoy
Yolande Louise of Savoy (1487–1499), married Philibert II of Savoy.
Charles John Amadeus of Savoy (1489–1496).

Excursus
Louis of Cyprus
He was the second son and namesake of Louis, Duke of Savoy, and his wife Anne, daughter of King Janus of Cyprus. He was born in Geneva.

On 14 December 1444, at Stirling Castle, he was betrothed to Annabelle, youngest daughter of King James I of Scotland (d. 1437) and sister of King James II. The marriage never took place and the betrothal was annulled in 1456.

On 7 October 1459, Louis married Queen Charlotte of Cyprus, his cousin, and became King of Cyprus and also titular King of Jerusalem and of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia for the brief period of her reign from 1459 to 1464, when they were deposed.[1]

Louis died at the Château-Monastery de Ripaille in France.

[No children]

Excursus
Philip II, Duke of Savoy
First marriage
He married Margaret of Bourbon (5 February 1438 – 1483)[3] and had three children from this marriage
Children:
Louise (1476–1531), married Charles d'Orléans, Count of Angoulême
Girolamo (1478)
Philibert II (1480–1504)
Second marriage:
He married Claudine de Brosse of Brittany (1450–1513), daughter of Jean II de Brosse and Nicole de Châtillon, and they had six children
Children:
Charles III (1486–1553) who succeeded his half-brother as Duke of Savoy
Louis (1488–1502)
Philip (1490–1533), duke of Nemours
Assolone (1494)
Giovanni (1495)
Philiberta (1498–1524), married Julian II di Medici (1479–1516), duke of Nemours
Illegitimate
With Libera Portoneri
René of Savoy (1468-31 March 1525), served as Governor of Nice and Provence, known as the Grand Bastard of Savoy and father-in-law of Anne, 1st Duc de Montmorency
Antonia of Savoy, married Jean II, Lord of Monaco : Antonia of Savoy (died 1500), was a Lady Consort of Monaco by marriage to Jean II, Lord of Monaco. The marriage took place in 1486 and was childless. She was the illegitimate daughter of Philip II, Duke of Savoy with his mistress Libera Portoneri.
Peter of Savoy, Bishop of Geneva
With Bona di Romagnano:
Claudina (Claudia) of Savoy (d. 2 May 1528), married to Jacob III, Count of Horne (d. 15 August 1531).
Philippina (Philippa) of Savoy, married Lorenzo de' Medici
Margherita (Margaret) of Savoy
Giovanna (Johanna) of Savoy
Michele (Michael) of Savoy, a priest

Excursus
Margaret of Savoy, Countess of Saint-Pol
First marriage
In December 1458 [19 years old] at Casale, she married her first husband, John IV, Margrave of Montferrat, the son of John Jacob of Montferrat and Joan of Savoy. ... The marriage was childless, although he fathered several illegitimate children. He died on 19 January 1464, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-five.
Second marriage
Two and a half years later, on 12 July 1466,[2] Margaret married her second husband, Peter II of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol and Soissons, the second eldest son of Louis of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol and Brienne and Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons.
Children:
Louis of Luxembourg (died young)
Claude of Luxembourg (died young)
Antoine of Luxembourg (died young)
Marie of Luxembourg (née en 1462 ou 1472 - died 1 April 1547), married firstly, her uncle, Jacques of Savoy, Count of Romont, by whom she had a daughter, Francisca of Savoy. Marie married secondly, Francis de Bourbon, Count of Vendôme, by whom she had six children, including Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme and Antoinette de Bourbon, wife of Claude, Duke of Guise. Mary, Queen of Scots, King Henry IV of France, and the Lorraine Dukes of Guise were Marie's direct descendants.
Francisca of Luxembourg, Dame d'Enghien (died 5 December 1523), married Philip of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein (died 28 January 1528).

Excursus
Marie of Luxembourg, Countess of Vendôme
First marriage
Marie de Luxembourg épouse (1484) en premières noces son oncle Jacques de Savoie (1450-1486), comte de Romont et baron de Vaud,
Daughter
Françoise de Savoie, mariée à Henri III de Nassau-Dillenbourg (fils de Jean V de Nassau-Dillenbourg), et morte sans postérité en 1511.
Second marriage
Veuve, elle se remaria (8 septembre 1487) avec François de Bourbon (1470-1495), comte de Vendôme, seigneur d'Epernon,
Children
Charles, comte puis duc de Vendôme (1489-1537), aîné de la maison de Bourbon en 1527, le grand-père paternel d'Henri IV
François, (1491-1545), mari de la duchesse Adrienne d'Estouteville : leur fille Marie épouse Léonor duc d'Orléans-Longueville
Louis, qui devint cardinal, évêque de Laon puis de Sens, abbé de Saint-Denis (1493-1557)
Antoinette (1494-1583), mariée à Claude de Lorraine, premier duc de Guise
Louise (1495-1575), abbesse de Fontevraud en 1534-1575

Excursus
Charlotte of Savoy
Removed to children of Louis XI

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Mark Shea Getting "Eastern" Europe Wrong


I will not say the states in Eastern, sorry, Central Europe are doing wrong to restrict immigration.

I will however say that Mark Shea's comment on the matter is a bit awkward. What do they teach them at Washington State University?

Catholic and Enjoying It : Question on Racism
December 4, 2017 by Mark Shea
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/markshea/2017/12/question-on-racism.html


Here is the context, quoting just a bit from each:

Reader
... From what I can tell, countries such as Poland, Hungary and the Czech and Slovakian republics are restricting immigration to maintain themselves as "ethno nationalist states." ...

Mark Shea
The bulk of European states have been nothing but ethnic states for most of their history. America stuck out as odd by being a nation founded, not on an ethnos, but on a creed. ...


France : French, Occitan, Breton, Basque, occasionally (as right now) German in the East (when otherwise, it has been some Germany which has been French in the West, or even a state inbetween).

Spain : Castilian, Catalan (sometimes considered Occitan), Basque, Galician.

Italy : Italian, Ladin (Occitan), German.

Austria (present frontiers): German, Croat, Slovenian.

Switzerland : German, French, Italian, Romansch (Occitan)

Germany : German, Platt-German, Low Sorbian, High Sorbian, formerly also Frisian.

Belgium : French, Dutch, German.

Netherlands : Dutch, Frisian.

Luxemburg : French, German, Luxemburgish (a dialect of Rhine Franconian).

While we are at small states:

Monaco : French, Monegasque (Occitan).

Andorra : Catalan (sometimes considered Occitan, as said), French, Spanish.

San Marino and Vatican State are, however, purely Italian.

"Eastern Europe" as in East of Germany is a bit more complicated. And, many like to claim being, like Germany and Austria, Central Europe.

Is Prague ethnically Czech or German? Are the Sudets ethnically Czech or German? Is Silesia Czech, Polish or German?

Atlas Obscura : When a City and a Bishop Went to War Over Beer
Vittoria Traverso December 01, 2017
https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/medieval-city-bishop-war-beer-poland-wroclaw


If the rest is Silesian (a language neither Polish nor Czech, in fact, just as Platt-German is neither German nor Dutch), perhaps Breslau was as German as Prague?

Now, Czech Republic territory has most of the time been - like Austria, like Germany, like Switzerland previous to 1648, like not just half German but also other parts of Eastern France (notably some Occitan parts), like Slovenia, like parts of Italy, like Silesia : Holy Roman Empire.

In fact, Holy Roman Empire of Germanic Nation refers less to German being spoken on the most part of the territory and more to élite being Franks and allies - i e an élite of "Germanic Nation". "Holy" does refer to a Creed : the Nicene Creed, already before Otto I with Filioque (hence the conflict with Photius).

Poland and Hungary have been to Holy Roman Empire a bit like Cuba and Philippines have been, since 1899, to United States.

And Hungary has covered Slovakia, Croatia (most of it, except Dalmatia), and Transsylvania in what is now Romania. The other historic components of Romania were Moldova and Vallachia. And a little bit of Moldova is right now an independent country with Romanian and Ukrainean bi-ethnicity or bilingualism.

Prague, Sudets and Silesia, like Prussia (East and West) have however, since 1945 been cleansed from ethnic Germans, largely. In Sudets the Hitler National Socialism was briefly popular between the Wars in defense against the Beneš National Socialism.

And if we go to real Eastern Europe, as well as North Europe, you won't get mono-ethnic countries either.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Paris XX
St. Anno II of Cologne
5.XII.2017

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Were Middle Ages Healthier? Yes.


I was Just Answering Sn Claiming That Life Expectancy has Been Around 30 · When I checked with "children of" it seems to be true · Were Middle Ages Healthier? Yes.

Citing wiki again, and again, we deal with "children of":

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
William (929 – 2 March 968) was Archbishop of Mainz from 17 December 954 until his death. He was the son of the Emperor Otto I the Great and a Slavic mother.
Liutgarde of Saxony (931 – 18 November 953), a member of the Ottonian dynasty, was Duchess consort of Lorraine from 947 until her death by her marriage with Duke Conrad the Red. She and Conrad became progenitors of the Salian dynasty.
Liudolf (c. 930 – 6 September 957), a member of the Ottonian dynasty, was Duke of Swabia from 950 until 954. His rebellion in 953/54 led to a major crisis of the rising German kingdom. ... He died unexpectedly of fever amidst his victorious campaign at Pombia, near Novara, on September 6 and was buried in St. Alban's Abbey, Mainz.
Henry (952–954)
Bruno (probably 954–957)
Matilda (December 955 – 999), also known as Mathilda and Mathilde, was the first Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg. She was the daughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, and his second wife, Adelaide of Italy.
Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy.

Otto II
Adelaide I (German: Adelheid; 973/74[a] – 14 January 1044 or 1045), a member of the royal Ottonian dynasty was the second Princess-abbess of Quedlinburg from 999 and Abbess of Gandersheim from 1039 until her death, as well as a highly influential kingmaker of medieval Germany.
Sophia I (September 975[1] – 30 January 1039), a member of the royal Ottonian dynasty, was Abbess of Gandersheim from 1002, and from 1011 also Abbess of Essen. The daughter of Emperor Otto II and his consort Theophanu, she was an important kingmaker in medieval Germany.
Matilda of Germany or Matilde of Saxony (Summer 979 - November 1025, Echtz[1]) was the third daughter of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife, Empress Theophanu.

Shortly after her birth, Matilda was sent to Essen Abbey, where her older cousin Mathilde was abbess, Matilda was educated here. It was presumed that Matilda would stay in the Abbey and become an Abbess like her older sisters Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Sophia I, Abbess of Gandersheim.

However, Matilda lived a different life from her two sisters, she was to marry Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia. According to the Historian Thietmar of Merseburg Matilda's brother Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor did not like the idea of the marriage at first. The family gave the couple large gifts to secure an adequate standard of living. The Empress Theophanu had consented to the marriage. Ezzo then took Matilda out of the Abbey where she had lived. However, Abbess Mathilde had vainly refused to surrender the girl. Later romantic embellishments even claimed Ezzo had previously been secretly in love with the young Matilda. Ezzo took Matilda from the Abbey to marry her.

Matilda's mother Theophanu had always agreed to the wedding but Matilda's cousin and teacher Abbess Matilde did not agree to the marriage. Without the consent of Matilda's mother the marriage would not happen with certainty, it is even likely that this marriage was to ensure the power of Otto III. The family had extensive estates in the Lower Rhine and Mosel. Ezzo's mother came from the House of Swabia and so Ezzo laid claims to these lands. Matilda received them out of Ottonian possessions and gave them to her husband.

Otto III (June/July 980 – 23 January 1002) was Holy Roman Emperor from 996 until his early death in 1002. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto III was the only son of the Emperor Otto II and his wife Theophanu.

Excursus
Matilda/Ezzo
Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zutphen.
Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II
Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.
Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.
Richeza (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland
Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).
Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.
Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.
Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.
Ida (died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

Excursus
Richeza of Lotharingia/Mieszko II Lambert
Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; b. Kraków, 25 July 1016 – d. Poznań, 28 November 1058), was Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de jure monarch of the entire country from 1034 until his death.
Richeza of Poland, Queen of Hungary
Gertrude-Olisava (c. 1025[1] – 4 January 1108), princess of Poland, was the daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland and Queen Richeza of Lotharingia, and the great-granddaughter of German Emperor Otto II.

Excursus
Richeza of Poland, Queen of Hungary/King Béla I of Hungary
King Géza I of Hungary (c. 1040 – 25 April 1077)
King Ladislaus I of Hungary (c. 1040 – 29 July 1095)
Duke Lampert of Hungary (after 1050 – c. 1095)
Sophia (after 1050 – 18 June 1095), wife firstly of Markgraf Ulrich I of Carniola, and secondly of duke Magnus I of Saxony
Euphemia (after 1050 – 2 April 1111), wife of Prince Otto I of Olomouc
Helen I of Hungary (after 1050 – c. 1091), wife of Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia

Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto III never married and never fathered any children due to his early death. At the time of his death, the Byzantine princess Zoe, second daughter of Emperor Constantine VIII was traveling to Italy to marry him.

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
the last member of the Ottonian dynasty of Emperors as he had no children.

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
Henry III (28 October 1016 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. He was the eldest son of Conrad II of Germany and Gisela of Swabia.[1] His father made him Duke of Bavaria (as Henry VI) in 1026, after the death of Duke Henry V.
Beatrix b.1020c d.1036
Matilda of Franconia (c. 1027[1] – 1034) was a daughter of Emperor Conrad II and Gisela of Swabia from the Salian dynasty.[2] Matilda’s elder brother was Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor.

At a meeting with King Henry I of France in Deville in Lorraine in May 1033, Conrad agreed to marry five-year-old Matilda to Henry.[2] However, before she could marry, she died in early 1034. Her marriage was arranged to confirm a peace compact agreed between Henry and Conrad.

Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
Beatrice (1037 – 13 July 1061), abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim
Adelaide II (1045, Goslar – 11 January 1096), abbess of Gandersheim from 1061 and Quedlinburg from 1063
Gisela (1047, Ravenna – 6 May 1053)
Matilda (October 1048 – 12 May 1060, Pöhlde), married 1059 Rudolf of Rheinfelden, duke of Swabia and anti-king (1077)
Henry IV (German: Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) ascended to King of the Germans[1] in 1056.[2] From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy, and he was excommunicated five times by three different popes. Several civil wars over his throne took place in both Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.
Conrad (1052, Regensburg – 10 April 1055), duke of Bavaria (from 1054)
Judith (1054, Goslar – 14 March 1092 or 1096), married firstly 1063 Solomon of Hungary and secondly 1089 Ladislaus I Herman, duke of Poland.

Excursus
Judith of Swabia
w. Solomon, King of Hungary (1053 – 1087), m. in 1065-1066
Sophia (d. about 1100), married Count Poppo of Berg-Schelklingen
w. Duke Władysław I Herman (c. 1044 – 4 June 1102), m. in 1088
Sophia (b. c. 1089 – d. bef. 12 May 1112), married bef. 1108 to Yaroslav Sviatopolkovich, Prince of Volhynia, son of Sviatopolk II of Kiev.
Agnes (b. c. 1090 – d. 29 December 1127), Abbess of Quedlinburg (1110) and Gandersheim (1111).
Adelaide (b. c. 1091 – d. 25/26 March 1127), married bef. 1118 to Dietrich III, Count of Vohburg and Margrave of the Northern March.
a daughter (b. c. 1092 – d. bef. 1111), married c. 1111 with a Polish lord.

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
First marriage
Adelheid (1070 – bef. 4 June 1079).
Henry (1/2 August 1071 – 2 August 1071).
Agnes (summer 1072/early 1073 – 24 September 1143), married firstly Frederick I, Duke of Swabia and secondly Leopold III, Margrave of Austria.
Conrad (12 February 1074 – 27 July 1101), later Roman-German King and King of Italy.
Mathilde [ref:] Morkinskinna records that Magnus III of Norway “was much smitten” with “the emperor's daughter…with whom he had exchanged messages…Matilda”. No other reference to this alleged daughter has been found. Andersson, T. M. and Gade, K. E. (trans.) (2000) Morkinskinna (Cornell), 58, p. 307. [Magnus III married a Swedish princess, Margaret, and so Matilda presumably died young.]
Henry V (11 August 1081/86 – 23 May 1125), later Roman-German King and Holy Roman Emperor.
Second marriage
no issue.

Excursus
Agnes of Waiblingen

First marriage, In 1079, aged seven, Agnes was betrothed to Frederick, a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty; at the same time, Henry IV invested Frederick as the new duke of Swabia.[2] The couple married in 1086, when Agnes was fourteen. They had eleven children, named in a document found in the abbey of Lorsch:
Note:
Neben den Söhnen Herzog Friedrich II. und Konrad III. ist eine Tochter Gertrud nachweisbar, die Hermann von Stahleck heiratete. Eine weitere Tochter soll Bertrada (Berta von Boll) sein.[1] Diese und weitere Angaben über Kinder, die Hansmartin Decker-Hauff aufgrund von ihm gefälschter Lorcher Quellen machte, haben sich als Phantasieprodukte erwiesen.[2]

[The document from Lorch is by Klaus Graf considered as a forgery.
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:25-opus-52665
]

Children:
Hedwig-Eilike (1088–1110), married Friedrich, Count of Legenfeld
Bertha-Bertrade (1089–1120), married Adalbert, Count of Elchingen
Frederick II (1090 – 6 April 1147), called the One-Eyed, was Duke of Swabia from 1105 until his death, the second from the Hohenstaufen dynasty.
Hildegard
Conrad III (1093 – 15 February 1152) was the first King of Germany of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. He was the son of Duke Frederick I of Swabia and Agnes, a daughter of the Salian Emperor Henry IV.
Gisihild-Gisela
Heinrich (1096–1105)
Beatrix (1098–1130), became an abbess
Kunigunde-Cuniza (1100–1120/1126), wife of Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (1108–1139)
Sophia, married a count Adalbert
Fides-Gertrude, married Hermann III, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Second marriage:
Following Frederick's death in 1105,[4] Agnes married Leopold III (1073-1136), the Margrave of Austria (1095-1136).[5] According to a legend, a veil lost by Agnes and found by Leopold years later while hunting was the instigation for him to found the Klosterneuburg Monastery.

Children:
Leopold (German: Luitpold, c. 1108 – 18 October 1141), known as Leopold the Generous (German: Luitpold der Freigiebige), was Margrave of Austria as Leopold IV from 1136, and Duke of Bavaria as Leopold I from 1139 until his death in 1141.
Henry II (German: Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg,[1] was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.
Berta, married Heinrich of Regensburg
Agnes, "one of the most famous beauties of her time", married Wladyslaw II of Poland, Agnes of Babenberg (German: Agnes von Babenberg, Polish: Agnieszka Babenberg; b. ca. 1108/13 – d. 24/25 January 1163), was a German noblewoman, a scion of the Franconian House of Babenberg and by marriage High Duchess of Poland and Duchess of Silesia.
Ernst
Uta, wife of Liutpold von Plain
Otto of Freising (Otto Frisingensis) (c. 1114 – 22 September 1158) was a German churchman and chronicler. He was Otto I Bishop of Freising as from 1138.
Conrad I of Babenberg was Bishop of Passau from 1148/1149 - 1164. He was the son of Leopold III, Margrave of Austria and Agnes von Waiblingen and also Archbishop of Salzburg (as Conrad II) (* um 1115; † 28. September 1168 in Salzburg)
Elizabeth, married Hermann, Count of Winzenburg
Judith (or Jutta, sometimes called Julitta or Ita in Latin sources; c. 1115/1120 – after 1168), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Marchioness of Montferrat from 1135 until her death, by her marriage with Marquess William V.
Gertrude of Babenberg (Czech: Gertruda Babenberská; c. 1118 – 8 April 1150), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 1140 until her death, by her marriage to the Přemyslid duke Vladislaus II.

[I have noted, Bohemian Queens tend to die young.]

Excursus
Judith of Babenberg
w. William V. of Montferrat
William of Montferrat (early 1140s – 1177), also called William Longsword (modern Italian Guglielmo Lungaspada; original Occitan Guilhem Longa-Espia), was the Count of Jaffa and Ascalon, the eldest son of William V, Marquess of Montferrat and Judith of Babenberg. He was the older brother of Conrad, Boniface, Azalaïs, and Renier, and a cousin of both Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor and Louis VII of France.
Conrad of Montferrat (Italian: Corrado del Monferrato; Piedmontese: Conrà ëd Monfrà) (died 28 April 1192) was a north Italian nobleman, one of the major participants in the Third Crusade. He was the de facto King of Jerusalem (as Conrad I) by marriage from 24 November 1190, but officially elected only in 1192, days before his death. He was also marquis of Montferrat from 1191. (Monferrato, 1140 circa – Acri, 28 aprile 1192)
Boniface I, usually known as Boniface of Montferrat (Italian: Bonifacio del Monferrato; Greek: Βονιφάτιος Μομφερρατικός, Vonifatios Momferratikos) (c. 1150 – 4 September 1207), was Marquess of Montferrat (from 1192), the leader of the Fourth Crusade (1201–04) and the King of Thessalonica (from 1205).
Frederick of Montferrat, Bishop of Alba (Federico (†1180), che divenne vescovo di Alba;)
Renier of Montferrat (in Italian, Ranieri di Monferrato) (1162–1183) was the fifth son of William V of Montferrat and Judith of Babenberg. He became son-in-law of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Caesar in 1180, and was later murdered in a Byzantine power-struggle.

[Guess why it was not to Byzantium I was looking for a less murderlusty and healthier climate?]

Agnes of Montferrat (1202); married Count Guido Guerra III Guidi of Modigliana.[1] The marriage was annulled on grounds of childlessness before 1180, when Guido remarried, and Agnes entered the convent of Santa Maria di Rocca delle Donne.
Azalaïs of Montferrat (also Adelasia or Alasia) (1150–1232) was marchioness and regent of Saluzzo.
An unidentified daughter, who married Albert, Marquess of Malaspina.

Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. [No children? Wrong:]
Die Ehe mit Mathilde blieb ohne männliche Nachkommen. Eine einzige Quelle überliefert eine Tochter Bertha. Sie wurde 1117 mit dem Grafen Ptolemeo II. von Tusculum verheiratet.[93] Die Verbindung des Kaisers mit der führenden Adelsschicht Roms durch eine Heirat war einzigartig.[94] In der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Papst und im Kampf um die Vorherrschaft in Italien sollten die Tuskulaner als kaiserliche Parteigänger durch diese Ehebindung besonders geehrt werden.[95]

Lothair II/III, Holy Roman Emperor
Gertrude of Süpplingenburg (18 April 1115 – 18 April 1143) was Duchess consort of Bavaria from 1127 to 1138, Margravine consort of Tuscany from 1136 to 1139, and Duchess consort of Saxony from 1137 to 1138. From 1142 she was Margravine consort of Austria and again Duchess consort of Bavaria until her death. She was Regent of Saxony during the minority of her son in 1139-1142.

Excursus
Gertrude of Süpplingenburg
First marriage
w. Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria since 1126. The lavish wedding ceremony was held on 29 May 1127 on the Lech fields near Augsburg. [She was 12]
Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131[1] – 6 August 1195[1]) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.

Second marriage
w. Gertrude and Henry II married on 1 May 1142 in Brunswick.
Richenza (b. 1143 - d. 1200), later wife of Landgrave Heinrich V of Steffling. The marriage produced no male heirs, as Gertrude died in childbirth at Klosterneuburg Monastery in Austria on 18 April 1143, which was her 28th birthday. She was buried at Schottenstift, Vienna.

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
[First Stauffer, I leave off here for now.]


And after the generous citations from wiki [interspersed with own square brackets comments], here is the counting together:

Ladies : DY DY DY 06 07 09 12 16 18 20 22
Ladies : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11
22 23 24 28 28 31 32 32 34 36 37 38 41 44 45
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
46 50 51 56 57 60 61 63 64 70 70 82 83
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
SV SV SV SV SV SV SV SV SV SV SV SV
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

DY : 9/51, chilbirth or similar age 7/51, to adult age 35/51, and here are known ages:

Ladies : 07 09 12 16 18 20
Ladies : 01 02 03 04 05 06
22 22 23 24 28 28 31 32 32 34 36
07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
37 38 41 44 45 46 50 51 56
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
57 60 61 63 64 70 70 82 83
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Median, 37 years, lower quartile 23/24, higher quartile 56/57.

Gentlemen : DY 00 02 03 03 09 21 21 27 27
Gentlemen : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
28 30 31 33 35 37 39 39 39 42 44
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
45 47 52 53 55 56 57 57 58 61 64 65 SV
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

DY : 6/34, to adult age 28/34. Here are known ages:

Gentlemen : 00 02 03 03 09 21 21 27 27 28
Gentlemen : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
30 31 33 35 37 39 39 39 42 44 45
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
47 52 53 55 56 57 57 58 61 64 65
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Median 39, lower quartile 27, higher quartile 53/55.


Ladies, median of known ages was, between Caesar and Constantine, in the division between 27 and 35. It is in the pre-Stauffer dynasties of Holy Roman Empire on the 37th completed birthday or above.

Gentlemen, median of known ages was, between Caesar and Constantine, in the division between 27 and 29. It is in the pre-Stauffer dynasties of Holy Roman Empire on the 39th completed birthday or above.

Lower and higher quartiles, of known ages, in pre-Stauffer HRE, 50 % of ladies dies between 24 and 56, in between Julius Caesar and Constantine it was between 22 and 45. For Gentlemen, the 50 % were between 14 and 44 in between Julius Caesar and Constantine, now, in pre-Stauffer HRE it is between 27 and 53.

DY, ladies in Classical times, 5/26, in childbirth early marriage deaths, 3/26, remain as having lived an adult life 18/26. In early High Medieval times, this is 35/51. 69.23 % - > 68.63 %, a slight decrease.

DY, gentlemen in Classical times, 21/56, leaves for adult life 35/56. In Early High Medieval, the ratio is 28/34. 62.5 % -> 82.35 %. A considerable increase. And without modern antibiotics too, except penicilline, which is essentially bread mold.

Documentation is better too. With Romans, there were 6 persons where I had no idea if it was early death or lived as adults, here we have no such example (OK, I cheated, I counted some of the children in a document of Lorch as Died Young if neither marriage nor monastic status is shown - as I also, on diverging ages took the lower one, so as to disfavour my own bias). As to the ones where I was content with DY (Died Young) or SV (Sur-Vived), the decrease in bad documentation is radical: 15/26 ladies no years, becomes 15/51 = 57.69 % -> 29.41 %; 18/56 gentlemen, no years, become 2/34 = 32.14 % -> 5.88 %. Both sexes and including the six ? for Classical times, the decrease in bad documentation is from 39/82 to 17/85. Where the totals are so near, you can see the reduction is by half even if I don't calculate percentages. More women are documented, and probably more of them lived too.

Obviously, the use of contraceptives decreased with Christianity. The childless married people are fewer.

Hans Georg Lundahl
ut supra (vel in bloggo : ut infra)